Business Portrait On-location Photo Shoot (behind-the-scenes & Photoshop)

Business Portrait On-location Photo Shoot (behind-the-scenes & Photoshop)


So we’re on our way to a shoot at a car
dealership. I was hired to take pictures of all of the employees there for their
website. So I’m bringing my 5D Mark III, and what do you have there, Tony? -this is the backup camera it’s a 5d mark
II and you have the 70-200 which is perfect for
headshots. This is a 24-105 the nice Sigma f/4 and
again it’s just a back up, we shouldn’t ever need this. We also don’t plan to use the flash, but
if everything else fails if that Cyber Commander fails to trigger the strobes.
we can use the optical slaves from the flash here. -It’s always good to have a back-up, plan
on something failing. So we’re going to load up our car here
and just tell you what here we’re bringing as we load it up. This is our large Paul C. Buff
collapsible soft box so that will give a nice diffused light if there isn’t
adequate lighting in the dealership. -This is the Paul C. Buff Einstein E-640
which will attach to that soft boxe, this will be our main light. Here I have just a
bracket on the stand, it’s just useful to have one of these, you can attach
anything to it. -These are our Vagbond Mini by Paul
C. Buff and they’re batteries to hook our strobes up to/ -That way we don’t have to attach or have power
cords running everywhere where people might trip over it, it’s a little easier
outside of the studio. This is a reflector and we have
diffusers inside as well. Getting pretty crowded in there. -And this
is going to be a hair light or background light as we need it, just a
second light. It will be triggered by the Cyber Commander just like that Einstein
light and will run it from the other Vagabond. -I was told there would be a nice
background there but you’re never sure, we didn’t scope out the place yet so I
was going to use the white side of this backdrop in case their background wasn’t
very appealing. Throw that in there. I also brought a
lint brush just to make sure everyone is nice and clean. I have some painters tape to mark the
spot where everyone can stand so that everyone’s in the same location. And… some tape to hold the backdrop against the wall. -And this is a Panasonic
GH2 on a tripod, this is just going to be a b-roll camera for the
behind-the-scenes. The GH2 is a micro four thirds camera and it’s a little bit
old now but records great 1080p video and it runs forever, it doesn’t shut off
after 30 minutes like most DSLRs do. -I think that’s it. We just have to grab our coats and head
out. -Let’s go. -Alright. You might be able to find an angle where
we could get this line of cars in it, we have to stand up a little bit to look
down but we might be able to do that. -I was thinking this is a little too
colorful. -Yeah it is. You want to do it in my office then? -I have that, the other side is white. -yeah
the wall might be easier, I don’t know how much room there is in there. -yeah -The one other thing for this Tony, is that
we don’t have the nice natural light. -Yeah the lightning is, uh… rough. -We’ll have to use this.. -it’s a little tight to bring
lighting in. And I think we’ll just have one of us
stand behind him with the reflector -Yeah, I think it’ll be easy, so let’s get one more,
I’ll get my settings I’ll put a mark on the floor and we’ll get it done. You guys ready? Yeah will you be my model one more time? So I’m really glad that we picked a spot
that has natural light because a lot of the people here are different heights
and I would have had to adjust the softbox with every different person, it
would have been a lot more set up. So my recommendation for you would be to look
for natural light and bring a flash for fill light. -But be prepared in case it
doesn’t work out and you have to have artificial light. One of the reasons we
picked the 5D Mark III for this job is it takes two memory card slots and it can
write to both cards simultaneously. That way if one of the cards has a
problem we have another copy and we don’t have to go back and reshoot
everything. Yeah there you go. I didn’t think that it was the best I
could have done, I would have preferred if they came into the studio. I mean I know that that wasn’t possible. So now I’m back in my office and i’ve uploaded my pictures. I’m going to show you how to sort
through them, rate them and even edit them. Now that I have my photo in
Photoshop, I’m going to start by cleaning up my subject’s skin. So I have a filter
called portraiture and I love it and it does a really good job. It smooths out the
skin without taking away all the pores, which can kind of leave people looking a
bit lifeless and doll-like. So i’ll zoom in a bit more on his face so I can see
exactly what Portraiture is doing. I don’t want to lose any of these fine
lines or anything like that because it would make him look unnatural. So you can see, I can up the threshold
here and it smooths them out way too much. Looks like a boudoir shot or something
and this is a professional photo so he’s definitely not going for that. These
sliders here control the details. So this would control the large details and
smooth it out less if you were to bring them down and I actually think that looks
pretty good. Let me turn down the fine details a bit so
play around with it, it’s definitely to taste. And my only suggestion would be to
not smooth out people skin too much. Not even women. If you notice any residual marks, you can see there are a few just little
pores you can leave them in and use other tools in Photoshop to take care
of that. So i’m satisfied with this for now and then i’ll zoom in and use my
other tools to take care of any other small imperfections. So I want my spot
healing brush and i use my left bracket. I don’t want to remove too many things
because once again it will look just too unnatural and smooth. I think that looks pretty good the one
other thing I’m going to do is in person I didn’t see that his brow is furrowed at
all so I’m going to take the little furrow out of his brow. And I’ll just
use my lasso tool, circle it, delete and then use content
aware fill, that usually does a good job. And then use Ctrl D to deselect the area. I like to just zoom in to make sure it
looks natural and that actually doesn’t look too great. So I’m gonna try it again. That looks much better. The next thing I’m going to do is just brighten his teeth a little bit. They look great,
they are nice and white, but we’re used to seeing very white teeth in in the media so it’s
nice to just kind of brighten them up a tad bit. And here i added a new layer and i use
the overlay layer I select my paintbrush and use bright
white. You’re going to think this looks insane
but you just fill in just the front teeth. This is really bright, but once i’m done
i’m going to turn down the opacity and it will look natural. We’ll see I don’t want to whiten them them too much. So I’ll zoom out and make sure it looks natural. You can even turn down your opacity on
your brush a little bit it to get these back teeth, but remember that the back
teeth are usually a bit darker, so if you make these really bright, let me show you what I mean. I can’t really because i have the
opacity down, but if you make these too bright it won’t look good. Ok. So the teeth look nice and next I’m
going to just brighten his eyes a tad bit. So i’ll use my Dodge tool, I have the
mid-tones selected and my exposure down to thirty percent and I just do a little half circle. Let me see And the next thing I’m going to do here,
just because he has fair skin is just fill in his eyebrows a
little bit. They’re in the midtones, so I have the mid-tone selected and my
exposure is really low, it’s only sixteen percent, and i’m just going to define
them a little bit. Lastly I’m going to brighten up the
background. I’ll do that by selecting the background
and i’m going to use let’s see, I think I’ll use my magic wand tool
to fix the areas that it’s selected that I don’t want selected I can use this
tool to subtract from the selection but I usually like to press alt, the alt key,
and then it does it for you. You can also use this button here to add to the selection, but i’m actually going to use
layer masks and i’ll show you how. If you aren’t great at selecting by hand, you can
also use the mask tool which i think is easier. So i’m going to show you how to
select the background better using the mask tool. So i will go to the
brightness and contrast and i’m going to raise the brightness of the background,
you can see i missed a big chunk, but that’s not a big deal because then I can
go into the mask and use my paintbrush with either black or white to add or
subtract to the selected area. So white is going to add to the selected area, so I
will make my brush bigger by pressing the right bracket and then just paint it
in. And I selected the wrong parts here, so i’ll use black to get rid
of that. So you can see this is the before and it
still looks natural just a bit brighter and better and this is the after. Since they’re professional photos, you
don’t want them to look too glamorous or touched up that can actually be
embarrassing if they’re going to be meeting with a client and in their
picture they look 40 years younger, that’s going
to be off-putting to the client. So make sure that it looks like they
look in real life but just the best version of themselves. That’s it, pretty simple! If you like this
video please subscribe to our channel and if you like our lessons and teaching
style you can check out our book Stunning Digital Photography. Thank you!

Elon Musk’s Basic Economics

Elon Musk’s Basic Economics


This video was made possible by Hover. Buy your domain before its gone for 10% off
by going to hover.com/Wendover. Imagine a $2,000 car… or a $100 laptop…
or a $70 iPhone… or imagine any product ten times cheaper than it was. Imagine the fundamental market change that
would bring. Imagine the amount of demand there would be
for that $2,000 car or $100 laptop or $70 iPhone. That’s what Elon Musk imagined 15 years
ago when he sat on a pile of $165 million dollars. Elon Musk’s businesses are all centered
around some the most basic principles of economics out there. When he starts a business, he’s not necessarily
trying to do something new, he’s trying to do something right. Musk made most of his early fortune through
his involvement with PayPal. In 1999 he founded a company called X.com
which was quickly bought by Confinity—the creators of PayPal—so when PayPal was bought
by eBay in 2002, Musk’s 11.7% ownership of the company translated to $165 million
dollars. Elon Musk has always been deeply passionate
about space exploration and, as anyone knows, public interest in space has been falling
since the Apollo era. Therefore, Musk’s plan with his newfound
fortune was to launch a rocket to mars carrying a small greenhouse that would grow plants
on the surface of the red planet. Basically, he wanted to take all his money
and put it into a big publicity stunt for space exploration. But he had a problem—it was too expensive. The cost of launches was absolutely immense
and, even when Musk tried to buy decommissioned Russian ICBM’s, he couldn’t find a way
to pull off the project, but he had discovered something. The space launch industry was ripe for disruption. Here’s Joseph, the economics expert from
Real Life Lore to explain why. “The rocket development and space-launch
companies before Space X were essentially aggregators. They bought engines and guidance systems and
all the other various components from other companies to cobble together one completed
rocket. But all the different component suppliers
also had their own component suppliers to make their product. The suppliers of the suppliers not only had
to cover their development and manufacturing costs, they had to sell their components at
a markup in order to make a profit, and then the next component manufacturer had to do
the same which means that by the time the component gets to the company assembling the
rocket, it’s expensive. Not only that, but the assembly company also
has to pay for employees that work to actually figure out how to make all of the different
pieces work together. SpaceX however, works differently. It makes 85% of the components it uses itself,
which allows it to make cheaper parts. For example, if SpaceX had bought their radios
externally they would be paying $50,000-100,000 dollars each, but since they develop them
internally they only cost $5,000 each to build, a dramatic improvement in reducing cost.” Joseph from Real Life Lore has a brand new
book which includes two fantastic chapters explaining simple economic concepts like this
that I’ll link in the description, but let’s talk Tesla. Tesla’s economic strategy is fairly similar
to SpaceX’s. Tesla themselves makes about 80% of the 5,300
parts in a Tesla car, but for the most part they don’t make these, the batteries, at
least yet. Batteries are very difficult to make at a
competitive price so very few companies do. The largest three manufacturers—Panasonic,
BYD, and LG Chem—make a combined 63% of the world’s batteries. Tesla, therefore, has historically just bought
batteries from Panasonic at a cost of about $200 per kWh. But that means that Tesla’s smallest battery
pack, the 50 kWh version, costs $10,000 dollars just in components. When you’re trying to sell a $35,000 dollar
car and make a profit, that’s a significant cost that can be reduced. Therefore, Tesla is attempting to reduce the
cost of their batteries by 30% by building their own factory in a joint-venture with
Panasonic. Their long-term goal, however, is to drop
the battery price below $100 dollars per kWh which would either double the range or halve
the price of that 50 kWh battery pack. But the vertical integration of Tesla and
SpaceX isn’t all useful. The companies basically have to learn and
perfect each step in the manufacturing process and, if one step isn’t working, no cars
get made. For example, the Tesla Model 3, the low-cost
Tesla, is built using steel instead of aluminum like the Model S and X. With this change, the manufacturer is having
troubles properly welding the vehicle bodies together and so the entire production line
is slowed down massively. But there’s something else unique about SpaceX
and Tesla’s production lines—they’re in the US. Now this probably seems counterintuitive—why
would you put the production lines of two companies working to make the least expensive
products on the market in one of the most expensive labor markets in the world? Almost every US company has relocated their
production lines to cheaper labor markets in Asia and Africa but Musk has always had
his in the US. Believe it or not, this isn’t a PR move. It actually makes sense for the two companies. Tesla and SpaceX’s production processes
are constantly being tweaked and optimized as the companies learn to make their products. While China might be able to build Tesla cars
at the same price by using cheaper human labor, Tesla’s US factory is just miles away from
its headquarters in Palo Alto meaning that the executive, development, and production
staff are all heavily integrated and can make changes fast. SpaceX even takes this a step further. It’s offices and manufacturing lines are
all under one roof. The Tesla factory in particular is also heavily
automatized and the US excels in production line automation with its abundance of highly
skilled workers, but just how much is Musk dropping the price on his products? The United Launch Alliance, which historically
has won most of the highly lucrative US government launch contracts, is believed to charge more
than $400 million dollars all-in for a military satellite launch while SpaceX charges about
$80 million dollars. So, SpaceX is already at a fifth of the price,
but as mentioned, Elon Musk wants that to fall to a tenth. Here’s the key for that—the fuel used
in the Falcon 9 rocket only costs about $200,000 dollars per launch—it’s practically a
non-factor in the launch price. The real cost is of the rockets themselves,
so that’s why SpaceX is making them reusable. The first stage of the rocket is now being
designed to land back on earth and be put back into service with dozens more launches. Once this system becomes reliable, it’s
believed that the cost savings will drop the launch price to $40 million dollars—a full
10 times cheaper than United Launch Alliance’s military launch price. SpaceX’s long-term goal is to get the launch
price down to about $10 million dollars per launch. While the company has already made a significant
impact on the space industry, a launch price as low as this would fundamentally change
what’s possible in space. Real space tourism would become feasible,
commercial satellites would become downright commonplace, and Space would become closer
than it’s ever been. But SpaceX does have a bit of a problem—people
aren’t really buying more rocket launches even though prices are down. It’s what’s known as a price inelastic
market. That’s the opposite of Tesla and the electric
vehicle market where lower prices lead to huge increases in sales. The problem with the space launch market is
that it is not a consumer market—normal people don’t buy rocket launches. Governments buy rocket launches and they don’t
care about price nearly as much as people since it’s not the decision makers’ money. The US Air Force, for example, decides they
need to launch a certain number of satellites each year for the national security reasons
and they’ll pay whatever it takes. But Elon Musk’s life goal is to get humanity
to Mars—that’s why SpaceX exists—and he needs money to do it. Lots of money. So, SpaceX is getting into the internet business. The company is actively developing a satellite
constellation that would provide high-speed internet to anywhere on earth. Thousands of small satellites would be put
into low earth orbit and then anyone worldwide could hook into the network using an inexpensive
ground receiver. If SpaceX got just 50 million users out of
the 7 billion in its proposed service area, this business could bring in $30 billion dollars
a year. Since SpaceX would be building and launching
the satellites themselves, costs would be dramatically lower than the competition’s. The whole commercial aspect of SpaceX essentially
exists to fund Musk’s future space exploration projects. For that reason, SpaceX is not a public company
like Tesla. Elon Musk does not want to make money with
SpaceX, he wants to get to Mars. He does not want to be beholden to shareholders
and profitability. Musk has therefore publicly said that SpaceX
will not go public until the company achieves regular flights to and from mars and thanks
to the entrepreneur’s understanding of basic economics, that might not be too far off. If you’re looking to start a company, you’ll
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How The Economic Machine Works by Ray Dalio

How The Economic Machine Works by Ray Dalio


How the economic machine works, in 30 minutes. The economy works like a simple machine. But many people don’t understand it — or they don’t agree on how it works — and this has led to a lot of needless economic suffering. I feel a deep sense of responsibility to share my simple but practical economic template. Though it’s unconventional, it has helped me to anticipate
and sidestep the global financial crisis, and has worked well for me for over 30 years. Let’s begin. Though the economy might seem complex,
it works in a simple, mechanical way. It’s made up of a few simple parts and a lot of simple transactions that are repeated over and over again a zillion times. These transactions are above all else driven by human nature, and they create 3 main forces that drive the economy. Number 1: Productivity growth Number 2: The Short term debt cycle and Number 3: The Long term debt cycle We’ll look at these three forces
and how laying them on top of each other creates a good template for tracking economic movements and figuring out what’s happening now. Let’s start with the simplest part of the economy: Transactions. An economy is simply the sum
of the transactions that make it up and a transaction is a very simple thing. You make transactions all the time. Every time you buy something
you create a transaction. Each transaction consists of a buyer exchanging money or credit with a seller for goods,
services or financial assets. Credit spends just like money, so adding together the money spent
and the amount of credit spent, you can know the total spending. The total amount of spending
drives the economy. If you divide the amount spent by the quantity sold, you get the price. And that’s it. That’s a transaction. It is the building block
of the economic machine. All cycles and all forces
in an economy are driven by transactions. So, if we can
understand transactions, we can understand
the whole economy. A market consists of all the buyers and all the sellers making transactions for the same thing. For example,
there is a wheat market, a car market, a stock market and markets
for millions of things. An economy consists
of all of the transactions in all of its markets. If you add up
the total spending and the total
quantity sold in all of the markets, you have everything
you need to know to understand the economy. It’s just that simple. People, businesses, banks and governments all engage in transactions
the way I just described: exchanging money and credit
for goods, services and financial assets. The biggest buyer and seller
is the government, which consists of two important parts: a Central Government
that collects taxes and spends money… …and a Central Bank, which is different from other buyers
and sellers because it controls the amount of money
and credit in the economy. It does this by influencing
interest rates and printing new money. For these reasons,
as we’ll see, the Central Bank is an
important player in the flow of Credit. I want you to
pay attention to credit. Credit is the most
important part of the economy, and probably the least understood. It is the most important part
because it is the biggest and most volatile part. Just like buyers and sellers
go to the market to make transactions, so do lenders and borrowers. Lenders usually want to
make their money into more money and borrowers usually want to
buy something they can’t afford, like a house or car or they want to invest in
something like starting a business. Credit can help both lenders and borrowers get what they want. Borrowers promise to
repay the amount they borrow, called the principal, plus an additional amount, called interest. When interest rates are high, there is less borrowing
because it’s expensive. When interest rates are low, borrowing increases
because it’s cheaper. When borrowers promise to repay and lenders believe them, credit is created. Any two people can agree
to create credit out of thin air! That seems simple enough
but credit is tricky because it has different names. As soon as credit is created, it immediately turns into debt. Debt is both an asset to the lender, and a liability to the borrower. In the future, when the borrower repays the loan,
plus interest, the asset and liability disappear and the transaction is settled. So, why is credit so important? Because when a borrower receives credit, he is able to increase his spending. And remember,
spending drives the economy. This is because one person’s spending is another person’s income. Think about it,
every dollar you spend, someone else earns. and every dollar you earn,
someone else has spent. So when you spend more,
someone else earns more. When someone’s income rises it makes lenders more willing
to lend him money because now he’s
more worthy of credit. A creditworthy borrower
has two things: the ability to repay and collateral. Having a lot of income in relation to his debt gives him the ability to repay. In the event that he can’t repay, he has valuable assets to use as collateral that can be sold. This makes lenders feel comfortable lending him money. So increased income allows increased borrowing which allows increased spending. And since one person’s spending is another person’s income, this leads to more increased borrowing and so on. This self-reinforcing pattern leads to economic growth and is why we have Cycles. In a transaction, you have to give something in order to get something and how much you get depends on how much
you produce over time we learned and that accumulated knowledge raises
are living standards we call this productivity growth those who were invented and hard-working raise their productivity and their living
standards faster than those who are complacent and lazy, but that isn’t necessarily true over the short run. Productivity matters most in the long run, but credit matters most in the short run. This is because productivity growth doesn’t fluctuate much, so it’s not a big driver of economic swings. Debt is — because it allows us to consume more than we produce when we acquire it and it forces us to consume less than we produce when we pay it back. Debt swings occur in two big cycles. One takes about 5 to 8 years and the other takes about 75 to 100 years. While most people feel the swings, they typically don’t see them as cycles because they see them too up close — day by day, week by week. In this chapter we are going to step back and look at these three big forces and how they interact to make up our experiences. As mentioned, swings around the line are not due to how much innovation or hard work there is, they’re primarily due to how much credit there is. Let’s for a second imagine an economy without credit. In this economy, the only way I can increase my spending is to increase my income, which requires me to be more productive and do more work. Increased productivity is the only way for growth. Since my spending is another person’s income, the economy grows every time I or anyone else is more productive. If we follow the transactions and play this out, we see a progression like the productivity growth line. But because we borrow, we have cycles. This isn’t due to any laws or regulation, it’s due to human nature and the way that credit works. Think of borrowing as simply a way of pulling spending forward. In order to buy something you can’t afford, you need to spend more than you make. To do this, you essentially need to borrow from your future self. In doing so you create a time in the future that you need to spend less than you make in order to pay it back. It very quickly resembles a cycle. Basically, anytime you borrow you create a cycle.? This is as true for an individual as it is for the economy. This is why understanding credit is so important because it sets into motion a mechanical, predictable series of events that will happen in the future. This makes credit different from money. Money is what you settle transactions with. When you buy a beer from a bartender with cash, the transaction is settled immediately. But when you buy a beer with credit, it’s like starting a bar tab. You’re saying you promise to pay in the future. Together you and the bartender create an asset and a liability. You just created credit. Out of thin air. It’s not until you pay the bar tab later that the asset and liability disappear, the debt goes away and the transaction is settled. The reality is that most of what people call money is actually credit. The total amount of credit in the United States is about $50 trillion and the total amount of money is only about $3 trillion. Remember, in an economy without credit: the only way to increase your spending is to produce more. But in an economy with credit, you can also increase your spending by borrowing. As a result, an economy with credit has more spending and allows incomes to rise faster than productivity over the short run, but not over the long run. Now, don’t get me wrong, credit isn’t necessarily something bad that just causes cycles. It’s bad when it finances over-consumption that can’t be paid back. However, it’s good when it efficiently allocates resources and produces income so you can pay back the debt. For example, if you borrow money to buy a big TV, it doesn’t generate income
for you to pay back the debt. But, if you borrow money
to buy a tractor — and that tractor let’s you harvest
more crops and earn more money — then, you can pay back your debt and improve your living standards. In an economy with credit, we can follow the transactions and see how credit creates growth. Let me give you an example: Suppose you earn $100,000 a year and have no debt. You are creditworthy enough to borrow $10,000 dollars – say on a credit card – so you can spend $110,000 dollars even though you only earn $100,000 dollars. Since your spending is another person’s income, someone is earning $110,000 dollars. The person earning $110,000 dollars with no debt can borrow $11,000 dollars, so he can spend $121,000 dollars even though he has only earned $110,000 dollars. His spending is another person’s income and by following the transactions we can begin to see how this process works in a self-reinforcing pattern. But remember, borrowing creates cycles and if the cycle goes up, it eventually needs to come down. This leads us into the Short Term Debt Cycle. As economic activity increases, we see an expansion – the first phase of the short term debt cycle. Spending continues to increase and prices start to rise. This happens because the increase in spending is fueled by credit – which can be created instantly out of thin air. When the amount of spending and incomes grow faster than the production of goods: prices rise. When prices rise, we call this inflation. The Central Bank doesn’t want too much inflation because it causes problems. Seeing prices rise, it raises interest rates. With higher interest rates, fewer people can afford to borrow money. And the cost of existing debts rises. Think about this as the monthly payments
on your credit card going up. Because people borrow less and have higher debt repayments, they have less money leftover to spend, so spending slows …and since one person’s spending is another person’s income, incomes drop…and so on and so forth. When people spend less, prices go down. We call this deflation. Economic activity decreases and we have a recession. If the recession becomes too severe and inflation is no longer a problem, the central bank will lower interest rates to cause everything to pick up again. With low interest rates, debt repayments are reduced and borrowing and spending pick up and we see another expansion. As you can see, the economy works like a machine. In the short term debt cycle,
spending is constrained only by the willingness of lenders and borrowers to provide and receive credit. When credit is easily available,
there’s an economic expansion. When credit isn’t easily available,
there’s a recession. And note that this cycle is controlled primarily by the central bank. The short term debt cycle typically lasts 5 – 8 years and happens over and over again for decades. But notice that the bottom and top of each cycle finish with more growth than the previous cycle and with more debt. Why? Because people push it — they have an inclination to borrow
and spend more instead of paying back debt. It’s human nature. Because of this, over long periods of time, debts rise faster than incomes creating the Long Term Debt Cycle. Despite people becoming more indebted, lenders even more freely extend credit. Why? Because everybody thinks things are going great! People are just focusing on what’s been happening lately. And what has been happening lately? Incomes have been rising! Asset values are going up! The stock market roars! It’s a boom! It pays to buy goods, services, and financial assets with borrowed money! When people do a lot of that, we call it a bubble. So even though debts have been growing, incomes have been growing nearly as fast to offset them. Let’s call the ratio of debt-to-income the debt burden. So long as incomes continue to rise, the debt burden stays manageable. At the same time asset values soar. People borrow huge amounts of money to buy assets as investments causing their prices to rise even higher. People feel wealthy. So even with the accumulation of lots of debt, rising incomes and asset values
help borrowers remain creditworthy for a long time. But this obviously can not continue forever. And it doesn’t. Over decades, debt burdens slowly increase
creating larger and larger debt repayments. At some point, debt repayments start growing faster than incomes forcing people to cut back on their spending. And since one person’s spending is another person’s income, incomes begin to go down… …which makes people less creditworthy
causing borrowing to go down. Debt repayments continue to rise which makes spending drop even further… …and the cycle reverses itself. This is the long term debt peak. Debt burdens have simply become too big. For the United States, Europe and much of the rest of the world this happened in 2008. It happened for the same reason it happened in Japan in 1989 and in the United States back in 1929. Now the economy begins Deleveraging. In a deleveraging; people cut spending, incomes fall, credit disappears, assets prices drop, banks get squeezed, the stock market crashes, social tensions rise and the whole thing starts to feed on itself the other way. As incomes fall and debt repayments rise, borrowers get squeezed.
No longer creditworthy, credit dries up and borrowers can no longer borrow
enough money to make their debt repayments. Scrambling to fill this hole, borrowers are forced to sell assets. The rush to sell assets floods the market This is when the stock market collapses, the real estate market tanks and banks get into trouble. As asset prices drop, the value of the collateral borrowers can put up drops. This makes borrowers even less creditworthy. People feel poor. Credit rapidly disappears.
Less spending › less income › less wealth › less credit › less borrowing and so on. It’s a vicious cycle. This appears similar to a recession but the difference here is that interest rates can’t be lowered to save the day. In a recession, lowering interest rates works to stimulate the borrowing. However, in a deleveraging, lowering interest rates doesn’t work because interest rates are already low and soon hit 0% – so the stimulation ends. Interest rates in the United States hit 0% during the deleveraging of the 1930s and again in 2008. The difference between a recession and a deleveraging is that in a deleveraging borrowers’ debt burdens have simply gotten too big and can’t be relieved by lowering interest rates. Lenders realize that debts have become too large to ever be fully paid back. Borrowers have lost their ability to repay and their collateral has lost value. They feel crippled by the debt – they don’t even want more! Lenders stop lending.
Borrowers stop borrowing. Think of the economy as being not-creditworthy, just like an individual. So what do you do about a deleveraging? The problem is debt burdens are too high and they must come down. There are four ways this can happen. 1. people, businesses, and governments cut their spending. 2. debts are reduced through defaults and restructurings. 3. wealth is redistributed from the ‘haves’ to the ‘have nots’. and finally, 4. the central bank prints new money. These 4 ways have happened in every deleveraging in modern history. Usually, spending is cut first. As we just saw, people, businesses, banks and even governments tighten their belts and cut their spending so that they can pay down their debt. This is often referred to as austerity. When borrowers stop taking on new debts, and start paying down old debts, you might expect the debt burden to decrease. But the opposite happens!
Because spending is cut – and one man’s spending is another man’s income – it causes incomes to fall.
They fall faster than debts are repaid and the debt burden actually gets worse.
As we’ve seen, this cut in spending is deflationary and painful. Businesses are forced to cut costs… which means less jobs and higher unemployment. This leads to the next step: debts must be reduced! Many borrowers find themselves unable to repay their loans — and a borrower’s debts are a lender’s assets. When borrowers don’t repay the bank,
people get nervous that the bank won’t be able to repay them so they rush to withdraw their money from the bank.
Banks get squeezed and people, businesses and banks default on their debts.
This severe economic contraction is a depression. A big part of a depression is people discovering much of what they thought was their wealth isn’t really there. Let’s go back to the bar. When you bought a beer and put it on a bar tab, you promised to repay the bartender.
Your promise became an asset of the bartender. But if you break your promise
– if you don’t pay him back and essentially default on your bar tab – then the ‘asset’ he has isn’t really worth anything. It has basically disappeared. Many lenders don’t want their assets to disappear and agree to debt restructuring. Debt restructuring means lenders get paid back less or get paid back over a longer time frame or at a lower interest rate that was first agreed.
Somehow a contract is broken in a way that reduces debt.
Lenders would rather have a little of something than all of nothing. Even though debt disappears, debt restructuring causes income and asset values to disappear
faster, so the debt burden continues to gets worse. Like cutting spending, debt reduction is also painful and deflationary. All of this impacts the central government because lower incomes and less employment means the government collects fewer taxes. At the same time it needs to increase its spending because unemployment has risen. Many of the unemployed have inadequate savings and need financial support from the government. Additionally, governments create stimulus plans and increase their spending to make up for the decrease in the economy. Governments’ budget deficits explode in a deleveraging because they spend more than they earn in taxes. This is what is happening when you hear about the budget deficit on the news. To fund their deficits, governments need to either raise taxes or borrow money.
But with incomes falling and so many unemployed, who is the money going to come from?
The rich. Since governments need more money and since wealth is heavily concentrated in the hands of a small percentage of the people, governments naturally raise taxes on the wealthy which facilitates a redistribution of wealth in the economy – from the ‘haves’ to the ‘have nots’.
The ‘have-nots,’ who are suffering, begin to resent the wealthy ‘haves.’ The wealthy ‘haves,’ being squeezed by the weak economy, falling asset prices, higher taxes, begin to resent the ‘have nots.’ If the depression continues social disorder can break out. Not only do tensions rise within countries, they can rise between countries – especially debtor and creditor countries. This situation can lead to political change that can sometimes be extreme. In the 1930s, this led to Hitler coming to power, war in Europe, and depression in the United States. Pressure to do something to end the depression increases. Remember, most of what people thought was money was actually credit. So, when credit disappears, people don’t have enough money. People are desperate for money and you remember who can print money? The Central Bank can. Having already lowered its interest rates to nearly 0 – it’s forced to print money. Unlike cutting spending, debt reduction, and wealth redistribution, printing money is inflationary and stimulative. Inevitably, the central bank prints new money — out of thin air — and uses it to buy financial assets and government bonds. It happened in the United States during the Great Depression and again in 2008, when the United States’ central bank — the Federal Reserve — printed over two trillion dollars. Other central banks around the world that could,
printed a lot of money, too. By buying financial assets with this money, it helps drive up asset prices which makes people more creditworthy. However, this only helps those who own financial assets. You see, the central bank can print money but it can only buy financial assets. The Central Government, on the other hand, can buy goods and services and put money in the hands of the people but it can’t print money. So, in order to stimulate the economy, the two must cooperate. By buying government bonds, the Central Bank essentially lends money to the government, allowing it to run a deficit and increase spending on goods and services through its stimulus programs and unemployment benefits. This increases people’s income as well as the government’s debt. However, it will lower the economy’s total debt burden. This is a very risky time. Policy makers need to balance the four ways that debt burdens come down. The deflationary ways need to balance with the inflationary ways in order to maintain stability. If balanced correctly, there can be a Beautiful Deleveraging. You see, a deleveraging can be ugly or it can be beautiful. How can a deleveraging be beautiful? Even though a deleveraging is a difficult situation, handling a difficult situation in the best possible way is beautiful. A lot more beautiful than the debt-fueled, unbalanced excesses of the leveraging phase.
In a beautiful deleveraging, debts decline relative to income, real economic growth is positive, and inflation isn’t a problem.
It is achieved by having the right balance. The right balance requires a certain mix of cutting spending, reducing debt, transferring wealth and printing money so that economic and social stability can be maintained. People ask if printing money will raise inflation. It won’t if it offsets falling credit.
Remember, spending is what matters. A dollar of spending paid for with money has the same effect on price as a dollar of spending paid for with credit. By printing money, the Central Bank can make up for the disappearance of credit with an increase in the amount of money. In order to turn things around, the Central Bank needs to not only pump up income growth but get the rate of income growth higher than the rate of interest on the accumulated debt. So, what do I mean by that? Basically, income needs to grow faster than debt grows. For example: let’s assume that a country going through a deleveraging has a debt-to- income ratio of 100%. That means that the amount of debt it has is the same as the amount of income the entire country makes in a year. Now think about the interest rate on that debt, let’s say it is 2%. If debt is growing at 2% because of that interest rate and income is only growing at around only 1%, you will never reduce the debt burden. You need to print enough money to get the rate of income growth above the rate of interest. However, printing money can easily be abused because it’s so easy to do and people prefer it to the alternatives. The key is to avoid printing too much money and causing unacceptably high inflation, the way Germany did during its deleveraging in the 1920’s. If policymakers achieve the right balance, a deleveraging isn’t so dramatic. Growth is slow but debt burdens go down. That’s a beautiful deleveraging. When incomes begin to rise, borrowers begin to appear more creditworthy. And when borrowers appear more creditworthy, lenders begin to lend money again.
Debt burdens finally begin to fall. Able to borrow money, people can spend more. Eventually, the economy begins to grow again, leading to the reflation phase of the long term debt cycle. Though the deleveraging process can be horrible if handled badly, if handled well, it will eventually fix the problem. It takes roughly a decade or more for debt burdens to fall and economic activity to get back to normal – hence the term ‘lost decade.’ Of course, the economy is a little more complicated than this template suggests. However, laying the short term debt cycle on top of the long term debt cycle and then laying both of them on top of the productivity growth line gives a reasonably good template for seeing where we’ve been, where we are now and where we are probably headed. So in summary, there are three rules of thumb that I’d like you to take away from this: First:
Don’t have debt rise faster than income, because your debt burdens will eventually crush you. Second:
Don’t have income rise faster than productivity, because you will eventually become uncompetitive. And third:
Do all that you can to raise your productivity, because, in the long run, that’s what matters most. This is simple advice for you and it’s simple advice for policy makers. You might be surprised but most people — including most policy makers — don’t pay enough attention to this. This template has worked for me and I hope that it’ll work for you. Thank you.

How Disney’s Tower of Terror Works

How Disney’s Tower of Terror Works


This video is brought to you by NordVPN. Keep yourself protected online by going to
NordVPN.com/ArtofEngineering to get 75% off a 3-year plan. Link below. The Twilight Zone Tower of Terror at Disney’s
Hollywood Studios is often regarded as the best thrill ride to ever come out of Disney
Imagineering. The attraction seamlessly combines a 13-storey
drop tower with immersive dark ride elements, all tied together with detailed storytelling. The ride was considered to be an engineering
marvel when it opened in the summer of 1994, and although it may not have some of the advanced
technologies that are common on rides built more recently, it is still an impressive achievement
even by today’s standards. The Tower of Terror was such a success for
Disney that it was replicated on three separate occasions, at California Adventure in 2004,
Tokyo DisneySea in 2006, and Walt Disney Studios Park in Paris in 2007. The Tokyo version utilized a different theme
and storyline compared to the other 3 towers, and I personally find it to be the most aesthetically
pleasing of the 4 attractions. In 2017, the California version was re-themed
to the Guardians of the Galaxy film series, which included the addition of animatronics
and large screens for the show scenes, however the overall mechanics of the ride remained
unchanged. The first Tower of Terror in Orlando and the
most recent installation at Disneyland Paris both maintain the Twilight Zone theme which
is based on the classic tv series that aired from 1958 to 1964. The four Tower of Terror attractions are all
similar in concept, however the original Hollywood Studios version features a unique ride system
that is far more complex than the others, and it offers an experience that can’t be
found anywhere else. The tower portion of the ride building is
60.7 m in height, and it houses two 48 m tall elevator shafts where the drop sequences take
place, along with a large mechanical room above the shafts for the elevator motors. The rear portion of the building is about
half of the overall height at 32.0 m tall, and it contains the dark ride component of
the attraction along with the queue, load and unload areas, maintenance and control
rooms, and the gift shop. There are 4 elevator shafts located at the
back of the ride, and these connect to the main drop shafts through horizontal passageways
at the 1st and 5th show floors. After guests go through the hotel lobby, library
pre-show, and boiler room scene, they then board one of the 4 rear elevators at the second
floor. At this point, it appears that the elevator
car is the ride vehicle itself, but guests are actually boarding a semi-autonomous vehicle
that is positioned inside the elevator car. The ride vehicles are loaded onto the elevators
on the 1st floor below the passenger loading area, and they are held in place by a locking
mechanism on the floor of the elevator car so they don’t shift as the elevator moves. Once the passengers have boarded, the ride
starts by lifting the elevator to the first show scene. For the two inner shafts, the show scene is
located on the 3rd floor, and for the two outer shafts, the scene is located on the
4th floor. All four show scenes are identical, but they
are offset like this to conserve floor space. When the elevator doors open, the passengers
see a long corridor where 5 hotel guests seemingly appear out of thin air. The figures then disappear in a burst of electricity
as the hallway goes dark to reveal a single window in a field of stars. This scene is accomplished with two primary
techniques that Disney uses quite often: forced perspective and an optical illusion known
as Pepper’s ghost. The opening of the corridor is life-size,
but the walls, floor, and ceiling all slope inwards so that the height at the very end
is only about 1.2 m. This makes it appear much longer than it really
is when viewed from the inside. The wall at the end of the corridor is a rear-projection
screen with a projector placed on the opposite side. At the beginning of the scene, a normal wall
with a window is projected onto the screen, but the wall fades out of the image as the
lights go out to give the illusion of a window floating in space. At the front of the corridor just behind the
first arch, there is a large pane of glass oriented at a 45-degree angle that spans the
entire width and height of the hallway. This aligns with a second perpendicular hallway
where another rear-projection screen is hidden out of view. The 5 hotel guests are projected onto this
screen, and the image is reflected in the pane of glass making them appear in the middle
of the corridor. This illusion is known as Pepper’s ghost,
and it is the same effect that was famously used for the ballroom scene in the Haunted
Mansion. After the ghostly figures disappear, the projection
screen slides out of the hallway to reveal fiber optic cables that are used to create
the star field. Many of the walls in the corridor are scrims
made out of fabric, and fiber optic cables are actually hidden all over the show scene
behind the walls, as well as inside the elevator car. When the set goes dark, the light from the
cables shines through the scrims, and the cables in the perpendicular hallway are reflected
in the glass to make the star field appear three-dimensional. After the corridor scene is complete, the
elevator is then lifted to the 5th floor where the ride vehicle exits into the 5th dimension
show scene. This scene features a number of visual effects,
including a second star field that is achieved by two large mirrors with fiber optic cables
hidden behind them. The mirrors are oriented at an angle to each
other in a v-shape, and as the ride vehicle approaches, they slide apart to allow it to
pass through. Although there are 4 loading elevators and
4 corridor show scenes in the ride building, there are only two 5th dimension scenes on
the 5th floor. The four loading elevators are arranged in
pairs, and each pair connects to one of the main drop shafts through a single show scene. The horizontal motion for this part of the
ride uses a trackless system where the semi-autonomous ride vehicles navigate across the 5th floor
from one elevator shaft to the other. The vehicles are known as wire-guided AGV’s,
or automated guided vehicles, and they are equipped with sensors that ride close to the
floor surface. There are wires installed in the floor that
are used to transmit radio signals to the vehicle, and the vehicle is programmed to
follow the wires in a similar fashion to a line-following robot. The signals can also be used to control the
speed, direction, and orientation of the ride vehicle as it travels along the pre-determined
path. If the ride loses power and the radio signals
are cut off, or if something falls onto the floor and covers a wire, then the vehicle
will come to a stop automatically. The wire guidance system can be quite sensitive,
and it is one of the primary causes of downtime for the ride. Once the ride vehicle exits the 5th dimension
scene, it then boards an elevator car in the drop shaft for the main drop sequence. The elevator cars here are similar to the
ones used in the 4 loading shafts, and they also have a locking mechanism to secure the
ride vehicles in place. The ride has 4 pre-programmed drop sequences
that it can execute, and the computer selects one at random for each ride. Each sequence consists of a number of varying
drops and launches up the tower, with one full drop from a height of 39.6 m, or about
13 storeys. At the top of the ride, elevator doors on
the front of the tower are opened, giving guests a birds-eye view of Hollywood Studios. The two drop shafts actually extend about
8 m above this point inside the tower, but the top portion is not utilized during the
drop sequences. A certain distance is also required to safely
bring the elevator car and ride vehicle to a stop at the bottom of the tower, and so
the maximum drop height that passengers experience before braking is only about 27.4 m. The ride system that is used for the drop
sequences is based on the traditional traction elevator, and it is not that different from
an elevator that you might find in a normal high-rise building. The system was designed by the Otis Elevator
Company, and it uses two giant induction motors to accelerate riders up and down, reaching
a maximum speed of about 63 km/h. One motor is positioned above each elevator
shaft in a mechanical room at the top of the tower, and each one weighs nearly 60 metric
tonnes and can generate 2,000 HP. Each motor is connected to two cable drums
in series, and there is 1 solenoid brake on the end of each drum for a total of 4 brakes
per elevator. Two steel cables are wound onto the first
drum, and these extend down through the floor where they connect to the top of the elevator
car, which travels along rails that are fixed to the walls of the shaft. A single cable is more than strong enough
to support the full weight of a car along with a fully loaded vehicle, but two cables
are used for redundancy. Two additional steel cables are wound onto
the second drum in the opposite direction, and they are attached to a counterweight that
is used to offset the weight of the elevator car. The counterweight travels along its own set
of rails inside the shaft, and it weighs about as much as a single elevator car with an empty
ride vehicle so that the motor only needs to supply enough power to raise and lower
the weight of the passengers. Two more cables extend off the bottom of the
counterweight, and they run around a compensation pulley at the bottom of the shaft before connecting
to the bottom of the elevator car. This closed loop allows the motor to pull
the elevator car downwards, resulting in acceleration that is faster than a freefall. When the motor spins in one direction, the
car is pulled up from above, and when it spins in the opposite direction, the car is pulled
down from below. The result is an intense experience unlike
any other elevator where riders experience complete weightlessness one moment and are
pushed into their seats the next. But just like any regular elevator, the Tower
of Terror features a number of redundant safety systems that keep guests safe. First, there are the 4 solenoid brakes on
the cable drums that are used to control the speed of the elevator. Each brake has 2 arms with friction pads that
are clamped against the drum by a pre-loaded spring. There is a solenoid at the top of the brake,
and when electricity flows through it, the resulting electromagnetic force pushes a plunger
outward which separates the pads from the drum. When the flow of electricity is cut off, the
electromagnetic force is stopped, and the spring pushes the pads back against the drum. The friction between the drum and the pads
slows the drum down and brings the elevator car to a stop. This design is fail-safe because the brakes
are always active in their default state when the solenoid is powered off, and they will
stop the ride automatically in the event of a power failure. If the brakes were to fail, then a mechanical
speed governing system on the elevator car would activate emergency friction brakes that
clamp onto the elevator guide rails. There is a similar speed governing system
on the counterweight as well, so both the counterweight and the elevator car can be
brought to a stop by the emergency brakes. In the unlikely event that both steel cables
supporting the elevator car were to snap, this would also activate a set of emergency
brakes to prevent the car from falling down the shaft. If all of these safety mechanisms were to
fail simultaneously, which is extraordinarily unlikely, then the falling elevator car would
create a cushion of compressed air in the bottom of the shaft which would help to slow
the fall. There are shock absorbers installed at the
bottom of each shaft that would help to break the fall as well, however these are not designed
to catch an elevator car in a freefall. Fortunately, this has never occurred on any
of the Tower of Terror attractions, thanks to an over-engineered design and redundant
safety systems. While we’re on the topic of safety, I want
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more importantly, it helps to keep you and your data safe online. Thanks for listening, and now let’s jump
back into Tower of Terror. After the ride has completed its drop sequence
in the drop shaft, the elevator then moves to the first floor where the ride vehicle
reverses out of the elevator. The vehicle moves backwards to the unloading
area, and it rotates 90 degrees for the guests to exit onto the unloading platform. While the vehicle is in this position, an
inductive charging system in the floor is used to charge the onboard battery in the
same way that you might charge a cell phone on a wireless charging pad. This is the only time during the entire ride
cycle when the vehicle is stationary on the ground, and so its also the only time when
the battery can be charged. The battery provides the vehicle with just
enough power for its self-driving and communication functions, and this is one of the reasons
why there is no audio or lighting onboard any of the ride vehicles. Instead, all of the ride’s audio and lighting
systems are located within the show scenes and inside the elevator cars. Once all of the guests have unloaded, the
ride vehicle then moves to the rear of the building where it boards one of the 2 loading
elevators on its half of the ride, and it is lifted up to the loading platform for the
next group of passengers. Since there are 2 loading elevators paired
with each drop shaft, each half of the ride can accommodate 4 ride vehicles operating
at any given time: 1 at the loading platform, 1 in the show scenes, 1 in the drop shaft,
and 1 at the unloading platform. This means that a total of 8 vehicles can
be cycling through the attraction at once, giving a total ride capacity of nearly 2,000
guests per hour. And since the two halves of the ride are independent
from each other, one side can often operate by itself when attendance is low or when the
other side is down for maintenance. This ride system makes the Tower of Terror
very efficient, however Disney decided to make changes to the design for the California,
Tokyo, and Paris versions to increase the capacity further and reduce downtime. Since the wire-guided AGV’s were a common
source of reliability issues, they eliminated the need for self-driving vehicles by removing
the 5th dimension scene and the 4 loading elevators. The corridor scenes that were previously attached
to the loading elevators were moved over to the drop shafts, and a second show scene was
added at the 5th floor. The scenes vary quite a bit between attractions,
especially with the recent conversion of the California tower to Mission: Breakout, however
they all originally featured similar effects like forced perspective and Pepper’s ghost,
as well as other mirror tricks. Since the new ride layout does not utilize
AGV’s, the loading platforms had to be relocated to the drop shafts, but here the ride vehicles
are loaded and unloaded outside of the elevators. Once passengers have boarded a vehicle, it
is pushed into the elevator car by a mechanical grab that travels along a track, and after
the ride is finished, the grab pulls the vehicle back out of the elevator for unloading. A second loading area was also added one level
below the first, which allows one vehicle to be loaded while a second one is going through
the ride cycle. The elevator system itself is essentially
identical to the original one used in Orlando, but here it is used for the main drop sequence
as well as moving between the show scenes. Since each drop shaft can only accommodate
2 ride vehicles in this configuration, a third shaft was added so that a total of 6 vehicles
can cycle through the attraction at a time. This greatly increased the overall capacity
of the ride, and it also allows two shafts to remain open when one is down for maintenance. There’s no arguing that the second iteration
of Disney’s Tower of Terror is a far more optimized design compared to the original
Hollywood Studios version, however it doesn’t quite offer the same immersive experience
that you can only find in Orlando. While Tokyo may have the best aesthetics,
and California may have the most engaging storyline, there’s still something special
about the journey through the Hollywood Tower Hotel and crossing over into the 5th dimension
that Imagineers simply haven’t been able to reproduce. Hey everyone, I hope you enjoyed today’s
video about Disney’s Tower of Terror. Let me know what your favourite Disney attraction
is in the comments, and I’ll try to make a future video about the engineering behind
it. Please subscribe if you want to see more content
from this channel, and don’t forget to hit the bell to get notified as soon as new video
comes out. Thanks for watching, and I’ll see you in
the next one.

Focal Length Explained 1 – Don’t just zoom – MOVE!

Focal Length Explained 1 – Don’t just zoom – MOVE!


Quite often when you go out shooting
with your camera you’ll probably see a scene that you think’s interesting; frame
it up a bit and then zoom around with your zoom to try and get the composition
that you want, but there is a much better way of doing things than this. If you
consider your zoom as a selection of prime lenses, by prime lenses I mean
lenses which can’t zoom, they have fixed focal lengths like 18, 40, 50, 90, 150 whatever it may be. If you use a prime lens you can’t zoom
so you have to move yourself backwards and forwards in order to frame the shot
that you want. When you start controlling your focal length you can control what
the picture looks like, what’s in it and what isn’t, but how do you know which
focal length you’re going to need for which shot that you’re going to take? I’m
going to show you but to do so I’m going to need a nice, friendly, helpful
assistant called Natasha. Hello Nat! This is Jane’s daughter Natasha and
she’s kind of… well I guess I’m your evil stepdad am I that bad?
– Ahhh I can put up with you Mike Ah she’s sweet! Right Nat, could you come and stand here for a moment, go that way
a little bit, there we go – perfect. supposing Natasha and I were standing in our own the garden or something rather than in the street which is a little odd,
I might just think ‘Ah there’s Nat, that would make a nice picture’ stand there and zoom
around and just sort of zoom in and out like that and take a picture and it’s
going to be okay, but I could get a better result if I chose the focal
length for the shot. I’m going to show you a little exercise here which I would
like you to repeat afterwards. What I’m going to do is take the same picture of
Natasha over and over again but at different focal lengths, so you can see
what happens to the environment around her. Now this is going to involve a bit of
lens changing and fiddling around so you may have to bear with me for a minute.
Nat can we go over here? The reason I’ve chosen in the middle of a street is
because you need somewhere which has got sides that go off into the distance and
that has an end behind. Now it’s really important when you compose your shot that you compose it exactly the same each time, so I’m going to give Natasha probably about
a hands width of sky above her head, that’s going to be the very top of the
picture and the bottom of the picture is going to be this seam at the top of
her dress – that will be at the bottom of the frame each time. So first off 10
millimeters, now I’ve got to get right into your personal space here Nat to get the
seam at the top of your dress and only a handful of sky there it is – oop no – there it is – perfect. Now zoom the lens, I’m going to double it to 20 millimeters and do the same thing.
Now that’s made Nat come closer so I’ve got to move back a bit and that’s
only subtle – there it is. All right now we’re going to a longer
lens, from 20 millimeters (camera straps drive me me on the bend)
let’s go to 35 millimeters. So frame the same shot, now I have to move back
because the lens has got longer – again handbreadth of sky, seam on the dress,
excellent. Let’s double that, let’s go out to 70 millimeters so again, she’s
really filling the frame now because it zoomed on to her, so I move back a
bit and very carefully line up – this is a great exercise – oh you blinked, don’t blink!
Right, there we go. Now we want to go out further. I’m gonna
have to change the lens because the next set of focal lengths go out a long way.
We’re going to go from 10 millimeters right out of 500 that means I’m going to
use a whopper of a lens. Even if you don’t have lenses this kind of focal
length, please go and repeat this exercise because it really will help you
understand what on earth it is I’m talking about. Now with the last one at
70 I’m to do the next one at 150, so I’ve set the zoom on the lens I’m not going to
zoom in and out I’m going to frame the shot up with Natasha. Oh look that wasn’t
a bad guess, I’m actually going to go a little bit closer, here we go… train your
eye to look around the viewfinder to line up these gaps like the the bottom
of the dress and the hand breadth of sky. Let’s zoom then on out to 250. Again
Natasha will have come closer in the lens so I’ve got to move back to get the
same shot. Here we go, line up the elements, the gap at the top
and the seam on the dress and then finally we’re going to go all the way out from
250 to 500 millimeters so I’m moving back again. The environment behind
Natasha is changing with each of these shots and this one I promise, you would
never know we were standing in a street… but there’s a lot of fiddling to
get this right – still too close – there it is Good stuff. Nat! Come and have a look So beginning at 10 millimeters, here we go.
Here you are at 10 millimeters. yeah you see how it’s pulled Natasha’s face forward? But look
I’ve got the bottom of the picture as the seam of the dress, the top of the
picture but a handbreadth of sky. As we move on from 10 to 20, see how it’s
changed? Natasha has got a more normal shape. Also look, the cars and
the houses jump forward as we flick between them. Moving on out from there I
think we went to 50 which is a much more normal looking Natasha.
As we move on through – oop we want the other camera as we’re now out to 100 or
so. You see how everything’s starting to take a step forward
each time we extend the focal length until now you don’t know you’re in a
street, and we get to the very last shot there’s no hint of a house or anything.
We’ve just got a clear grey background which is actually the tarmac of the
streets as it goes off up the hill in the distance. This is all you need to do, it
doesn’t matter what you practice this with. If you don’t have a Natasha to take
into the street just put your camera bag on a table in the park or something like
that and take the same shot over and over again, changing the focal length and
moving back so that you get the idea of what’s going on
to the environment and then look at all the pictures one after the other.
This isn’t just the realm of a digital SLR you could do the same thing with a
little compact camera anything that has a zoom on it. If you’re cycling along the sea wall you might not want to carry a monster like that.
Natasha would you mind? We’re going to do a very brief one. Here you go, over
there a bit. If I set the zoom to its widest take the same picture of Natasha getting
right into her personal space, good stuff Nat, and then zoom it to it’s
longest zoom, do the same thing move back. You know if you’re at a party and just got a little camera and you think ‘Oh I’ll take a picture…’ There we go, as you can see the
two are very, very different. Don’t just think I’m going to go and try this in
the morning. Once you start treating your zoom lens as a series of prime lenses
and moving yourself around not being lazy, you’ll really set loose the magic
of your camera and your photography. Don’t leave it, get out there right this
minute! Go and try this.

Raspberry Pi Camera Setup Tutorial for Beginners

Raspberry Pi Camera Setup Tutorial for Beginners


Dear friends welcome to another video! This
is Nick from educ8s.tv and today I am very excited because we are going to see how to
use the Raspberry Pi camera module! Let’s start!
When I first received my Raspberry Pi, about a month ago, the first thing I wanted to have
was this camera module. I have a passion for photography and from the moment I saw this
module I came up with many project ideas. It is an impressive little device, it has
a resolution of 5Mp for still images and it can record FULL HD video at 30 FPS. It is
also very small in size and it costs around 27$. Gearbest.com website was kind enough
to send a sample unit in order to test it and share my thoughts with you. Thanks Gearbest
for supporting our channel! You can find a link in the description of the video if you
want to buy this module. Let’s now see how to connect the camera
module to your Raspberry Pi. I am using a Raspaberry Pi model A+ here,
but the camera module works on any Raspberry Pi board. Be sure to unplug the Raspberry
from power before connecting the camera module to it. Next all you have to do is to connect
this ribbon cable to camera connector on the Raspberry Pi board which is next to the HDMI
output. The shiny side of the cable must face the HDMI port. You then have to lock it down.
That’s it! Let’s now go to the computer to see how to use the module.
After booting up we open a console window and we type the following two commands in
order to update the system to the latest version of the available software.
First we run the command: sudo apt-get update Next we run the command: sudo apt-get upgrade
This may take some time if your system wasn’t updated recently. After the upgrade of the
system is completed we can run the following command: sudo raspi-config
From the menu that appears we have to enable the Camera module. After doing that, we press
the finish button and we are asked to reboot the system. That’s it. When the system reboots,
we are ready to use the camera module. Let’s take some still shots now!
I have connected the 5inch touch display I showed you few days ago, to the Raspberry
Pi board in order to see what happens when taking a still image or a video. You can use
your monitor instead with a HDMI cable if you don’t have a small display like this.
In order to take a still show we have to use the following command:
raspistill –o imagename.jpg –stats When we execute the command, at the display
we can see a preview window for 5 seconds and then a still image is captured.
We can use any filename we like after the –o flag at the command. You can see that
the image has been created in my Desktop because I was running the command from the Desktop
folder. In order to capture a video we have to use
the following command. raspivid –o testvideo.avi –t 10000
That command creates a video with a filename testvideo.avi and a length of 10 seconds.
In the display after running the command we can see a preview of the video and we can
then find the created video in the Desktop folder. But now let’s go outside and take
some real world images and footage. That’s a still image from the medieval castle
of Mystras, here in Lakonia, Greece. In the background you can see the modern city of
Sparta. That’s the slightly edited shot and that’s the original. The still image
needed some color correction, and straightening. Now let’s see a 10 second video of this
place taken with the camera module. You can find the raw image and video in the description
of the video. As you can see the quality of the images and
the video is impressive for such a small module. I am really very pleased with the results.
One disadvantage I can see, is that the module does not support focus or autofocus. It has
a fixed focus at 60cm and more. That’s limiting, but there are many very interesting projects
we can build with this module. I have many projects to build in mind. You can find them
in this website, www.educ8s.tv/ideas. In this webpage you can vote on which ideas you would
like to be built first, or post your own project ideas. I plan to work on the projects with
the most votes first. So consider voting the projects you like and help me decide which
projects are more useful and interesting to you, the viewers of the channel! Thank you
in advance! If this is your first time here, I would love
to have you subscribed. In this channel I post videos about DIY projects every Saturday.
I love making things and I believe that anyone can make things, anyone can become a maker.
That’s why I created this channel, in order to share my knowledge with the community and
learn from the community. I hope you will join us. Until next Saturday, Watch, Learn,
Build!

How to make an electroscope (DIY)

How to make an electroscope (DIY)


Hi! I’m going to show you how to make an
electroscope out of various bits and pieces that you can find around
the house. This is a glass jar. I have 2 little pieces of
aluminum foil that I cut the same way into little round shapes like this. And I put a little hole in one end right here. So 2 of those… 1, 2. Some copper wire. This is 14 gauge (AWG), the thicker the better. This seems to work fine. I’ve soldered this end
right here and I’ve soldered this end right here. That’s just to get rid of the sharp edges. And then I spiralled this end right here like this, just to
make a large surface area. I’ll show you why we do that in a minute. Just some black tape right here… electrical tape. And right here this is
actually taken from a lid like this. This is a container from a health food
store. It’s a plastic lid. So any piece of plastic will do. I’ve taken a plastic tube and shoved it through the lid and hot glued it right here so it’s solid
with the lid. A piece of straw will do. This is some tube that I got from a hobby shop. Okay, now to assemble it. The first thing
I’ll do is take the copper wire and stick it through the tube here. One thing that you’ll have to make sure of
is that it’ll fit through the tube. There we go. That should be a good distance right
there. And at this end right here, just
form it into a little hook. Make it into a little round hook like that. Then I’ll take one peice of
aluminum foil and I’ll put it on the hook. Remember, I’ve made a little
hole in one side here so just carefully slip it on there. Take the other piece of aluminum foil, it doesn’t matter which
side’s shiny and which side’s flat, and carefully put that through without
breaking the hole. Smooth them out. You can see that they’re now touching
together at the end of the hook. I have some black electoral tape which I’ve
already cut and put on here. I’ll take the jar now, slip this over the top, bend down the electrical tape, and I’ll take this last piece electrical tape just to reinforce the
other tape to make sure that is holds on well and last a good, long time. And just for convenience sake I’ll just bend this down right here like that. It’s easy to use that way. And it’s done! Okay, now the next step is to test it. That’s what this piece of vinyl is for. It’s just a
piece of vinyl that’s taken from window blinds. Watch what happens down here when I move this piece close to this
edge. Watch what happens to the aluminum. You can see the aluminum spreads apart. Let’s take something a little better. Here I have an old
vinyl record. That should have a bigger charge on it. There you go. You can see the two pieces of
aluminum foil really spread apart. So it works. Now my favorite
question, why does it work? The reason it works is when you rub your hand against a piece of vinyl like this, electrons from your hand are
transferred to the vinyl. You can’t just touch it. You actually have to
have physical motion like that. Rubbing. Because the electrons are going to the
vinyl, the vinyl becomes more negative and your hand becomes more positive. When you move the vinyl close to the
electroscope, the big surface here, … get a good charge on there… Because there’s a lot of electrons right here,
it’s more negative than positive, that causes the electrons that are on
this piece of copper to move down the copper, away from the electrons that are
on the vinyl. Like-charges repel each other so if we have a negative charge here,
that’s going to repel electrons, which are negatively charged here, down into the
jar to the hook and then to the almunium foil. Now both pieces of aluminum foil are going to
become negatively charged. Both of them. And negative charges repel negative
charges. So the aluminum foils repel each other. And that’s how it works. Your air has to be very dry in order
for this to work. I’ve had an air conditioner running,
so my air is dry.

PANCAKE ART CHALLENGE Mystery Wheel 3 & How To Make Avengers Captain Marvel & Shazam Diy Art

PANCAKE ART CHALLENGE Mystery Wheel 3 & How To Make Avengers Captain Marvel & Shazam Diy Art


– You challenged us to
make Shazam, so let’s go. Now, I’m kicking it off with
the lightning bolt first. Because the lightning bolt is the body, but the lightning bolt is not the body. – Now we’re gonna give
him his little eyes. And dude, his head is nowhere near as big as his smile Yeah!
– Yeah! We’ll give him his little mouth, he’ll have a big ol’ smile, like, yeah! Oh no! I’m upset! – Whoa!
– I’m sorry, – Bumps. – I’m doing my best, I’m sorry, I just lost control for a moment. Uh-oh, I got a feeling this
one might not come out right. Gotta test this one over
here first, let see. (dramatic music) (both screaming) Oh, what? I screamed so loud. (both screaming) I got it all over my wrist. Well, gotta get this off my arm quick before it stains my arm blue. Gonna have a little bit of
pinkeye over here in this eye, you know, you got a little
bit of the eye infection, doing whatever Shazam does. (peppy ukulele music) We gotta give him defined muscles here, got a little bicep,
little tricep, appendix. And of course a spleen, there we go. I think those areall the
muscles that are in the arm. – What? (laughs) All right, goin’ for the armpits next, then I’m working on the bicep after that. All right, now goin’
around, grabbing the elbow. – [Collins] As you do that,
I’m gonna add a elbow to mine. – Comin’ around to his forearm, he’s got these cool bracelet arm thingies. – Next up, we gotta give a nice, flowing white cape, so here we go. Just gonna give him a nice
little cape like this. Here we go, this whole area is going to be the cape, you know? Here we go, his cape goes
all the way over here. – [Devan] That’s an
expansive cape, Collins. – It is absolutely an expansive
cape for an expansive man. You know what, if we’re doing the cape, we’re doing the cape, man. The cape comes all the way down here, and this Shazam takes up the whole thing, because Shazam is a big man. (Devan yells) – Ya bump. – I’m sorry.
– Ya bump! – I’m sorry, yours is
looking so cool, man, wow. You look over here, it
kinda looks like a frog. – [Devan] All right, just doing the other side of his chest now. – Now it’s time to fill in
his suit, so here we go, we got the red goin’
in, and this should be the finishing touch for him. My pancake is done, now gotta let it roast as Devan meticulously finishes up his. – [Devan] Now I’m adding the
shadow under the armpits. – Man, you are really
into his armpits, man. (peppy ukulele music) Gonna begin lifting it off the griddle and man, I’m actually
shocked it’s staying together and not breaking at all.
– Whoa! Now it’s time to fill it in, – [Collins] Even the way
you fill in the color is super detail-oriented, man. Like starting from the outside
and then working your way in. – [Devan] All right, fill
in his forehead next. – [Collins] He looks really funny with his ears and forehead
filled in right now. Like, this kind of like
weirdly popped out in 3D. Wait, so at what point do you put a whole bunch of color on it at once? – [Devan] You gotta put
the small stuff down first, and then fill it in with the large stuff, so red is last.
– Okay. What other advice do you have on pancake art making, Devan? – Don’t take it too seriously, because you’ll eat it at the end. All right, filling in his shirt. – [Collins] That doesn’t
look like a shirt. That looks way more than a shirt, man. – Um, spandex! – I think this may be your
best pancake ever, right now. – [Devan] His shoulder came up a bit, so I’m just pressing it down a little bit into the batter, and, done. – Here we go, we’re just gonna give it a flip, you ready? Three, two, one.
– Three, two, one. Oh, oh, oh!
– Oh, oh, oh whoa whoa whoa! Dude! All right, here we go, gonna
flip it around a little bit. – [Devan] Wow. – And then we’re gonna lay it back down like this, boom, there we go. – Three, two, one. Oh!
– Oh my gosh! That’s crazy, bro! The detail is so good. Look at those armpits! You get to comment down below, who won this round? You challenged us to make
Patrick Star from SpongeBob, so right now, let’s go. – Whoa, it’s like a boat. Those are big pants. – Get this one other leaf over here. – [Devan] My Patrick is
coming along pretty good. – Yeah, yours is actually
looking really good. Next up, I’m going expert mode. – Aye-aye-aye. – (laughing) So sorry. I’m going to do his eyes next, but here we go, we’re gonna
do one eye right here, then we’re gonna do
another eye right here, I see how Devan conjoined the eyes, so we’re gonna give him some (gasps) some green eyes to really
match his green pants. I’m just gonna finish up
filling in his eyes, right now. Now I just have to figure out how to fit the rest of the body into this. Here we go, we’re gonna go for the mouth. Yeah, huh. – [Devan] My Patrick is
comin’ along pretty good. – [Collins] Yeah, yours is
actually looking really good. – [Devan] Just puttin’ on
some pants, there we go. – I’m gonna go for a darker red for the inside of the mouth, and then of course for the tongue, I’m gonna go for an orange. Mine’s more lookin’ like a
teapot than Patrick, dude. Next up, we gotta give Patrick
his little eyebrows up here, so there we go, eyebrow number one. Eyebrow number two, wanna give
him a little bit of fashion, so we’ll give him a squiggly eyebrow. – [Devan] Nice. – That way you never know exactly what emotion he’s experiencing. Now the easy part, time
to fill in the body. So we’re gonna start
with the legs over here, so give him nice little
leg, just goes like this. This little leg over here,
let’s give him a little leg. Really gotta nail this here,
so we’re gonna go here, arm. Don’t happen to have
room for the little thing on the top of his head,
the starfish thing, and then we go out like that. (laughs) he looks more like an elephant
than anything else right now. Like he has a long trunk over here, and a huge ear over
here, but you know what? We’re going with it. I don’t wanna miss out on any details that could cost me the win
on this one, so here we go. Now we’re gonna fill it in with the pink. (peppy ukulele music) The issue for mine is I kind of missed out on the key star pattern for Patrick, but we’re gonna flip it and
just see how it goes (laughing). – [Devan] It actually kind
of looks like SpongeBob. – I mean, you are kinda right. The only thing mine has in common with Patrick Star is the colors. Other than that, it’s a
completely different piece of art. – [Devan] All right,
time to fill in the body. – [Collins] Why does he
have an orange outline, but a pink body? – What? ‘Cause that’s how Patrick Star is. – Oh, yeah. Yeah, so no, I didn’t
do that on mine, Devan. I just went a little bit
more, you know, artistic. Freehanded it, you know? – But you got everything
else, though, so you’re good. – Yeah, everything else. Why are you waiting to do the eyes last? – [Devan] They are white,
and they get burned. And, done. – 24 hours later. Yo, all right, this is comin’ up. – You’re gonna need two spatulas, dude. – Yo, I need two spatulas, so here we go, just gonna get this one
underneath over here. Uh, oh, you’re okay.
– Oh, let’s take that back. Let’s take that back a second. – I don’t think it’s cooked enough. Gotta turn it up again
and let’s roast it again. – Additional five minutes later. – Yo, dude, it’s fully cooked! Oh, perfect.
– Wow, oh man. – All right, here we go. Three, two, one.
– Three, two, one. (record scratches) – Hm, how do I wanna do this? Uh. – Now is not the time to decide! – If I let go of this spatula, And then…
– No, this is not a good idea. How are you flipping it?
– Three, two, What, like this. – What? That did not happen. – There we go, bro,
(triumphant music) there we go. It lost all color. – Yeah. – You know what, bro? Not too bad, for, at all. That’s great.
(ding) Let’s flips yours, let’s see how yours… – Okay, I need the other spatula. Three, two, one, oh– – We’re doing the five seconds
to subscribe challenge. We wanna see if you can
subscribe to this channel, and turn on the channel post notifications in five seconds, you ready? Here we go. Five, four, three,
– Five, four, three, two, one, done.
– Two, one, done. If you can do that, comment down below. Keyper Squad, right now. – [Devan] Ready, set, go! Oh!
– Oh, yo dude! That looks so crazy! You get to comment down below. Let us know who won this round, and we’re on to the next one. You challenged us to
make Dumbo, so let’s go. I’m gonna start with his most
iconic feature, the eyebrows. – What? Those are big eyebrows. (Collins laughs) How big is his face?
– Yeah, here we go. – All right, well, I’m
starting with the hat. (peppy ukulele music) – This is gonna be an inverted Dumbo, so he’s gonna have
little tiny little ears, like that.
– What? – Here we go, and then another little tiny little ear over here, boom, just like that.
– Is that even like, technically Dumbo, though? All right, and the hat is done. – [Collins] Top of his head. – [Devan] And he’s got
two little hairs, too. – The two hairs are very important. – It’s all that’s keeping him together. – Dumbo’s got some beautiful blue eyes, so next up, we got the blue here. Wait, this is alternate universe Dumbo, so, we’re gonna have him get red eyes. I hope Dumbo doesn’t end
up being too scary, man, ’cause, hoo, he’s looking like he has an eye infection right now. – He’s gotta get that checked out. All right, and the hat
is done, now it’s time for the top of the head. – Gonna add the outline of his head here, so, bloop, and like this,
and get the trunk over there. All right, now we gotta give Dumbo his little hat over here,
so a little hat, like that. Just add some pink in here, to the ears. They look like those iconic Dumbo ears. And by iconic, I mean, slightly different. Oh man, I almost forgot about his mouth. We gotta get his mouth in here, so we’re gonna go, yeah, like, uh-oh. Uh-oh, Dumbo doesn’t
look too happy right now. All right, let’s see
here, we’re gonna give him a little tongue, so he can
be a happy little dude. He can be like, “Yeah, what’s up? “This is my tongue.” The last element I’m gonna
be adding is the frills, so here we go, frilly, frilly frills. I mean, it’s something, you can’t deny, that is something, rather than nothing. – All right, just finishing up the trunk. Okay, got it, yup, yup. Just checking in with myself, it works. I’m actually gonna fill
in some of the hat, just like you, Collins. – I actually haven’t filled
in my hat yet, Devan, so I don’t know what you’re talking about. He’s looking more like a sad clown than anything else right now, man. – [Devan] All right, filling
in his little tongue, very cute little tongue. – Man, that’s actually really adorable. You know what, he needs
two nostrils, yeah! Three nostrils! – Whoa. – That’s a ton of air intake! – A little excessive. I mean, how much do you need to smell? – It’s not about smelling, it’s about sucking up waters, and shooting it out. – Oh. – All right, gonna give
him a little purple hat, ’cause this boy is royalty. See, I’m really gonna
try these details here. It’s like, Devan does
details around the mouth, like, maybe like that’ll help, like this little line over there. (Collins chuckles mischievously) Now it looks like he has pudgy cheeks. Okay, maybe not that,
let’s try some other lines. – [Devan] How ’bout some
eyelashes, that’s what I’m doing. He looks like a worried Dumbo right now. – Oh my gosh, yeah, he
does look worried, man. All right, we’re gonna start filling in his trunk over here. Now I’m gonna start adding a lot more, and kind of letting it overflow, letting it all fill up
the cracks and crevices. Boom! It is done! Dumbo, in all of his
magnificence, (chuckling) and his tiny little ears. All right, just gonna let mine roast, and, oh man, that’s looking really good. – [Devan] All right, time
to fill in his ear flaps. Filling in his second ear right now. – It’s crazy how yours goes from just a whole bunch of outlines to super vibrant the moment all the color starts adding in. It’s like the whole
image just comes to life. (peppy ukulele music) Nice, all right, now we
gotta let these roast. We’ll be flipping ’em and
see how they turned out. All right, time to get
this thing off my griddle, so here we go, gonna get the ear first, and oh boy, you know what, maybe, oops! – I have faith in you, Collins. I think you’ll be able to do it. – I don’t. Three, two, one.
– Yeah, two, one. (Collins screaming in excitement) That is clean in there. – Yeah, this is a great Dumbo, man. – [Devan] Oh, I forgot to Pam it again! Ready? Set, go! Oh, dude!
– Oh, my gosh! You get to comment down below. Who made a better Dumbo pancake? You challenged us to
make a Superman pancake, so right now, let’s go. I’m gonna kick it off with Superman’s iconic logo, the diamond. Looks almost more like a
question mark than an S. – [Devan] And look at this. – [Collins] Wait, does he
have, like, little wings coming out of his shoulder? – [Devan] I guess you
could say that, I mean, it’s his cape, so, yeah. – Oh, gotcha. All right, here we go,
gonna be filling in the S. Time to give him a head. Now the head is the most
important part of Superman, so really gotta get
this right, here we go. Yeah, that seems pretty
proportional to me. Okay, perfect. – [Devan] All right,
just working on the S. The tricky part is doing this backwards. Or I guess inverted. – [Collins] Next up, we’re
gonna give him some blue eyes. We’re gonna add some blue into here. – [Devan] I think I made his
waist a little too narrow, so I gotta broaden this out a little bit. – Okay, Devan, that is
unrealistic standards right there, he does not have that thin of a waist. He’s gonna have a very
angry unibrow, boom. – I this him in disguise, Collins? – No, oh, that’s such a good idea! – I think that’s what it is. – [Collins] I’ll put some
glasses on him, like this, bam! – Wait, where did Superman go, dude? – [Collins] He’s fully gone. – [Devan] I think I’m
almost done, actually. I think I just gotta add
his cape in the back here. – Wait, you’re almost done? Dude, I’m like just,
– Yeah, dude, I’m almost done. Okay, I gotta go a lot faster, right now. I gotta give him some hair and neck, so here we go, just gonna give
him some good lookin’ hair. – [Devan] You know what, I
don’t wanna do a big cape. – [Collins] All right, now, gotta give him a little swirl curl on his forehead here. – [Devan] All right, it’s time
to add in the colors here. I’m gonna start with the yellow. – My Superman is gonna have some freckles, because, you know, you really gotta, he’s gonna be in disguise. And now we’re gonna fill in the neck. – [Devan] I’m gonna turn my griddle off, so nothing raises up. – Thing is, Superman
doesn’t shave very often, so he’s got a little bit of weird stubble goin’ on right now. Yeah, Superman’s got some crazy hair. – Oh, dude! – I’m sorry, I’m sorry. – Dude, that was a massive bump! – I’m sorry, I accidentally
got too excited. The thing is, Devan, does
your guy even have abs? I don’t think he does. – Uh, he has the implied abs, Collins. – The what? How does– – He’s wearing a shirt,
so you’re not gonna see the full definition in his abs. – But technically, we
all have implied abs. – [Devan] All right, adding in the shadow on the side of his face. – Here we go, gonna fill
in all the abs first, and we’re gonna get this over here. All right, here we go,
next up we got the cape, so here we’re just gonna allow this cape to go back like this,
just flows over his beard. (peppy ukulele music) last up, just gotta fill
up his face right now, so this is really where I think you get to highlight all the freckles,
all the beauteous, uh, beauty in his face. – [Devan] Now it’s time to
fill in the rest of the blue. (peppy ukulele music) all right, doing the last
bit on his face here. – I wanna give him laser eyes. Boom, and it’s done. Now it’s gotta turn up, and let it roast. All right, mine is fully cooked right now, and here we go with the flip. Three, two, one.
– Two, one. Oh, nicely done!
– Oh, dude I nailed that, bro. Look at it! So, right now, let’s see
how yours turned out. – All right, ready, set, go! Oh, dude!
– Oh my gosh! That looks so good, bro! You get to comment down below. Who made a better Superman? And we’re on to the next one. You challenged up to make Captain Marvel from her new movie, and
right now, let’s go. Per usual, I’m gonna start
off with her head, oops. – Oops? It looks more like that
meme dude, who’s like ahhh. We’re gonna go with it though. – [Devan] Man, it is so hard to do detail with pancake batter, bro. – So I think it goes
up, then there’s, like, a little thingie there. (Collins chuckles) It looks like a rubber ducky. (squeaking) Oh my gosh! (laughing) All right, we’re gonna
give her some blue eyes. Now we’re gonna fill this in with red, and give her some beautiful lips. Next up is very important, her hair. She’s got nice blond hair. To be honest, I am pretty worried about how this is gonna turn out. – She’s goin’ bald. (peppy ukulele music) – Long hair, long beautiful
hair, lotta curls on it. She curls her hair regularly. That is gonna be very beautiful,
but very difficult to flip. I gotta try and fix this. My solution is more hair. – What? – [Collins] It needs more hair. – [Devan] Yeah, I think it does, actually. – She’s got one marvelous hair. I do wanna fill in just a little bit more on the eyebrow right here. Oh, no, it’s Hoot-dini!
– What? Seriously, again? – Oh my gosh, all right, well, time to spin for our wild cards. – All right. – And again, I really hope it’s good. Here we go, three, two, one. (wheels clicking) All right, let’s see what this one is. (Devan groaning) Wasabi? – Oh, you have to add wasabi to it! – Oh, man! – Well, mine I have to wear boxing gloves. Let’s do this. – Dude, I dunno where I’m gonna add this. – [Collins] Pick up my
yellow now, here we go. Oh, I’m actually pretty good at this. – All right, it’s all mixed
up, and it’s expanding now, because I mixed it, man. – All right, I gotta grab my next color. Oh, uncontrollable.
– Oh, boy. – Okay, let’s see, oh. Tip it over, and there we go. This is workin’ great. Uh-oh, gotta be very careful
not to break the hair. Oh, I just had an idea. What if I channeled
Captain Marvel’s powers? All right, here we go, three, two, one. (zapping and whooshing) Whoa, this is so cool! – What? – Oh my gosh, I love this! Hey Devan, fist bump! – Wow, whoa, hey, I’m not doing that. It’s glowing. – Yeah, that’s the whole
point, is a glowing glove. Three. – Okay. – Go for it man, two. – Okay. – Here we go, one. (power surging)
(Devan yelling) These are awesome! All right, now I gotta
grab the blue, there we go, now I gotta, (yells) It spouted upwards. Just down the middle like that. – I love just checking in once in awhile, to see what you’re up to. – I’m always up to something. (peppy ukulele music) – All right, the outline is done, and now it’s time to color it in. I’m going in for the hair, and I’m using the wasabi now. (whimpering) Look at this, dude, this
does not mix around at all. – All right, here we go,
it’s time for the flip. You ready, Devan? Three, two, one. No, oh, oh!
– Oh! – Oh, it’s great. – [Devan] You got it on mine. – I don’t have thumbs I can use. It’s so tough to work with these gloves. All right, now I just gotta
rotate her a little bit. Ta-da, mine is done, and I crushed it. Unfortunately, she lost a lot of her hair, but now she’s got a buzz
cut, so, there’s that. (peppy ukulele music) – [Devan] And done! – I can’t wait to see what this thing looks like when you flip it, though, its gonna look so cool. – Now, it’s just time to add the flames. – [Collins] Wait, wait,
wait, yours has flames? – Ah, what a bummer, I’m all
out of the wasabi yellow. I have to use more of the actual yellow. – That’s not right. – Bummer! – You should use straight
wasabi, make it a green– – No, no, too quick, I mean, uh, too late! Ha ha, ha, I’m too quick. Bro, as it’s cooking,
it’s making my eyes water because of the wasabi in there. All right, it’s ready for the flip. This is always the most stressful part. Ready, set, go! – Oh, and if you wanna win
a 15 minute video call, with Devan and I, text the
word ART to 81800, right now. So pause the video, text
the word ART to 81800, and you’ll automatically
be entered in to win. And right now, let’s see how this looks. Ready, set, go. – Oh, that looks amazing! You get to comment down below. Who made a better Captain Marvel? You challenged up to make Steve
from Minecraft, so let’s go. I think this is a deceptively
easy seeming pancake, ’cause like, it seems it’s
like a whole bunch of boxes. I know it’s gonna be
way more hard than that. – All right, hair is done. – [Collins] We’ll give him little legs that pop out over here. He’s doing a mid-air splits jump. – [Devan] Now I’m goin’
for the side of the face. – Next up, gotta give
this dude a little bit of chest hair right there, just like that. He’s got this little patch of chest hair that’s just popping out, you know? Just bursting through his shirt. And I’m gonna fill in his shirt next. Bohh-hoo! I’m gonna give him a cool shirt design. And if I could just grab, I
think this is what I need. Nope, nevermind.
– What? Don’t you have it on your side? – Uh, yeah, oh, I guess I do, yup. Make him fancy, you know, so here we go. Just gonna give him
little buttons, like this. Here we go, button. – [Devan] And mouth is
done, now on to the eyes. – Yours, actually, yeah, yours is looking really good right now. Just like that, now we’re gonna give him a little bit of like a shirt collar. Little pointy bit, and
the up like that, boom. Man, you know what, I’m taking
some creative liberties, but I think it’s really paying
off with my guy right now. My guy’s gonna have a dragon on his shirt. – Wait… – So we’re gonna give
him some yellow flames that he’s spittin’ out over
here, he’s like “rawr.” Next up, we’re gonna
give him some red shoes. ‘Cause you know, why not? Fashion is Steve’s passion. (peppy ukulele music) All right, cool, so the
dragon on the shirt is done. You know, He’s feeling really manly. He’s got the chest hair, he’s
got a dragon on his shirt. Steve’s having a great day. – [Devan] Just doing his sleeve right now. And now I have to move on to,
I think, the side of his arm. – All right, giving him
some light blue legs, which doesn’t necessarily make sense, but we’re just gonna go for it. – Kinda like playing Tetris. Hey, I just realized, he has
the same shirt as you, bro. – Oh! Wait, did you give him a dragon? – What? No, no, no, he’s got a blue shirt on. – I was about to say, I’m like, you can’t just give your guy a dragon. – [Devan] This one’s actually
surprisingly difficult, ’cause there’s so many straight lines, and pancake batter does
not work in straight lines. Now I’m gettin’ the top of his jeans. – Uh-oh.
– What? What, what, what?
(Collins screams) – Wait, wait, wait, that’s really good. – That’s a square eye. All right, time to get
his second arm in there, just like that. – Oh, man, I’ve, like, discovered some hidden talents all of the sudden. Man, look at those two eyes. This is on another level. Ooh!
– Ooh, gotta alter the arm a little bit here. Gonna move it around. Ooh, this is tough. Oh, yup.
– There we go. Next up, got a bit of a square nose. Yeah, it started to fall apart. I really thought I had it, for a second. Now it’s kind of falling apart, now. – [Devan] Oh, I almost
broke his arm off, dude. Okay, wait, I’m gonna glue
it back together, now. That was a fast one,
– Oh, man, you’re even playing with perspective. You got one arm swinging back, one arm swinging forward right now. – I know, I don’t think
it’d really translate, but look at his leg, man,
it’s going, like, way back. – All right, now I’m gonna
fill in his face right here, and I’m almost done with Steve, man. Minecraft is definitely my round. All right, mine’s done, but I’m gonna add an extra element to it, Devan, so you’ve gotta try to guess what this is. – [Devan] Just removing a foot real quick. Now I gotta add the shadow on the leg. There’s the heel of his foot. – If you had to guess
what I’m making right now, what would you guess this is. – Oh, wai, oop, I need that. – I was just using it. – [Devan] A J? – [Collins] Nope. – A pogo sticking person? A J with some blue on it? A bluejay! – I can see where you’re
going, but no, not really. Here we go.
– A red and bluejay? – It’s gonna go like this. – Dude, I don’t know, man. – It’s the Tik Tok logo, Devan. – [Devan] Huh? Steve is Tik Tok famous. – [Devan] All right,
well my pancake is done. – I think it’s time to flip mine, and he looks like he’s in,
like, a onesie right now. Like, he’s about to go to bed. Yup.
– Did you put Pam down, bro? – I didn’t, I never do. Gonna start over here again.
(Devan groaning) Start with the head a little bit. He’s a bit of an acrobat,
so being in the air should be usual for him. Three, two, one.
– Three, two, one. (record scratches) – Oh, his arm stuck! – You didn’t commit! – Oh, oh no! – [Devan] You didn’t commit! – Oh no, he’s stuck! Okay, this is my greatest work yet, dude. And now, time to see how yours turned out. – All right, dude, he comes up so easily. – Oh my gosh, yeah, yours came right off. Even with no Pam and everything. – [Devan] Three, two, one– – We want a three second like challenge. We wanna see if you can like this video in three seconds, you ready? Here we go Three, two, one, done.
– Three, two, one, done. Ready, set, go! Oh!
– Oh, that looks so good! You get to comment down below,
who made a better Steve? You challenged us to make
the Genie from Aladdin. – [Devan] I’m starting with one eyebrow. – See, I’m gonna make the Genie lamp, as well as the Genie. So now I’m just gonna fill
in the genie lamp here, so we’re gonna add some yellow to it. The only issue is with how
I placed the Genie bottle, it makes it kind of difficult
to get the Genie out, so I’m gonna have to do a
little bit of wind around work. Now for this next part,
I need some very special pancake batter, so, here we go, ta-da! – Wow. – All right. (yelling) – Whoa, man! – The big thing about the Genie is he has a huge smile. Gotta give him some
stubble, or some beard. This is the Genie after
he’s freshly been shaved. (peppy ukulele music) Now it’s time to fill in his teeth, so gotta get those nice
pearly whites, right now. No, its Hoot-dini!
– What, oh! – Come on, I need to
like, finish this more. – All done with the teeth, man. – Well I guess we gotta
spin for the wild card, so here we go, are you ready? Three, two, one.
– Three, two, one. (wheels clicking) – Let’s see, I got red. – No, tiny hands, bro! – Yes, dude, you got tiny hands! That’s one of my favorite things on here. – No, what! – [Collins] Egg on spoon. – I don’t know how I’m gonna
squeeze the bottle, man. (Collin mumbles) Oh, oh, I forgot to turn on the pan. I won’t make you–
(dramatic music) Whoa. – Here’s the thing, I’m gonna
make a creative decision and turn my grill on, and
give my guy a yellow tooth. (Devan groaning) – It’s so hard to grip. Gotta shake it up, now, oh, man, that was like a trick. – Here we go guys, arm
number one, perfect. All right, we got arm number two. – [Devan] This takes
tremendous grip strength. – Yeah, this takes tremendous
grip strength, bite strength. Gonna fill in his body like this. – Hand cramp, hand cramp! – I got a jaw cramp right now, man. Okay, its time for the flip. (laughing) Here we go, I just have to balance my egg, and do a very complex flipping motion. Three, two, one. – [Devan] Oh. Oh, you got it.
– Oh, I did it! All right, that’s perfect, we got, Oh no!
– Oh! – You know what, that’s
actually kind of perfect, we’ll make a little,
– Yeah, whoa, whoa, whoa. Move your pancake,
– egg dish right now, in the midst of all this.
– move your pancake. Let me help, let me help.
– It’s actually kind of perfect, there we go.
– Let me help, there you go. – [Collins] Boom. – Collins, do you have any napkins? I need to wipe up. – [Collins] Yup, got a
little napkin for you. – [Devan] Oh, thank you so much. – [Collins] Yup, there you go if you wanna clean off your hands. – Okay, yup. Now it’s time to fill it in with the blue. Oh, I can’t believe
I’ve gripped it so far! – How have you done that, bro? You have, like, Spider-Man
hands right now. – I don’t know. Press down with both hands, like CPR. – That’s actually really smart, man. Oh, wait, wait, wait, wait, wait! – Hi-yah! Hi-yah! – [Collins] Be careful, man. (Devan grunting) – [Devan] Now I’ve gotta rotate it around. Oh, if I just tip it, I’m good. – Oh, I just had an idea. What if I add pancake batter to the egg? Oh, this is gonna work, have to inject it into the yolk.
– Dude, wait, what? Dude, are you seeing this? – No, are you seeing this? – No, are you seeing this. – [Collins] No Devan, are you seeing this? – Collins, I’m doing the fly-over, bro. Oh, no. – Uh-oh. – I can’t put any pressure on it. – I’ll help you a little
bit with the pressure. – Oh, oh whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa, Oh, man!
– Oh, no! Let’s do this. You have to have a successful flip, so for now, you can
take off your tiny hands to get the flip right. – Seriously? Oh my goodness.
– Yes, I will make one allowance, yes. – Thank you so much. – You are so welcome. You are welcome.
– Thank you, I really appreciate it. Thank you so much, it means
a lot, man, thank you. – So let’s get those hands off. – Oh, it feels good to have my hands back. Ready, set, go. Oh, oh!
– Oh, that looks so good! You crushed it, bro! You get to comment down below. Who won this round? And right now, it’s on to the next one. All right, it’s time to eat the pancakes, but, there’s actually a
mystery wheel twist to this. Basically, we can only eat one pancake. And the mystery wheel gets to
choose which pancake that is. – Now I have to say, all
of mine look really tasty, except Captain Marvel. – What’s wrong with her? – I mean, she has wasabi in her hair, bro. – Oh, dude, I forgot about that. Three, two, one.
– Three, two, one. (wheels clicking) Come on, please not the wasabi! Anything but the wasabi, come on! – And as long as mine is not burnt, I will be very happy. I’ve got very low standards on this. – Yes, I got Spider-Man, bro! – You got Spider-man? Yo, congratulations, bro.
– Yes, I did, check it out. – I’m happy for you. – Oh, thank you, bro. Dude, what did you get? – All right, well, let’s see, we got… Oh!
– Oh! Does that mean what I think it means? – All right, that’s kind of cool. Brother picks my pancake, so I guess– – Yes! – Devan, you choose one of my pancakes. – What?
(record scratches) No, no, no, no, no. I’m choosing this one, bro. – But it says brother
picks one of my pancakes. – No, it just says brother picks pancake. Wasabi for you. – No, I don’t wanna eat
the wasabi hair, bro. – Yes, here we go, time
to eat Spider-Man, three, – Dude, his neck’s about to fall off. Two, one. Mmm!
– Oh! I’m trying to put together a palate, it starts with the base face, and then we go with the middle hair, – [Devan] So it’s a
Captain Marvel sandwich. – All right, here we go, three, two, one. Oh, oh man, oh man!
– Oh, ugh, that’s gotta be a terrible combo. (Collins groans) Is that really bad? – Yeah, it’s the worst
pancake I’ve ever had! It like burns in my nose. – Oh no! – Oh man! – That’s gotta be a terrible combo. (Collins groans) (ding)
(Collins gasps) – Dude! When I flip this over, he’s gonna have, like, a metal tooth, and
it’s gonna give him style, and flair, and (air whooshing) dental work. All right, I’m gonna
give him a brown mouth, ’cause he’s been eatin’ some dirt. I’m sure that, like, elephants
might be able to ingest dirt. It’s like, a lot of the food
they eat is on the ground, which has a lot of dirt. – [Devan] Right. – So, like, they probably know how to convert dirt into energy. Comment down below. Who is your favorite character you would love to see a pancake of it. Right now, you have five
seconds to click over here. Here we go, five, four, three, two, one.
– Five, four, three, two, one. Done!
– Done! Love you, bye!
– Love you, bye!

How To Make A Carrot Leaf – Vegetable Carving Art

How To Make A Carrot Leaf – Vegetable Carving Art


How To Make A Carrot Leaf — Vegetable Carving
Art Welcome back to another cooking video, I’m
Chef Devaux and I’m going to teach you guys how to make this beautiful little carrot garnish.
It’s a leaf carved out of carrot, it takes quite a little bit of effort to make but it
looks just stunning, whether you fill this next to your sushi as garnish or whether you
just chuck this into a salad and surprise your guests with miniature carved leaves out
of carrots, or just add them with your steak and chip dinner. These will just elevate your
cooking to a different level, so let’s get straight into making these.
Let’s go. Alright so you begin by taking you carrot and just cutting a nice block of it.
Alright, so you start with a carrot block about 5cm long, and you want to cut just outside
of the core, so just outside of this ring that divides the core from the outer layer
of the carrot, and you do this so you get a nice smooth surface. You see, like this,
it’s nice and smooth. If I was to cut in between the core you get lines and dividers and then
that will show up on your leaf, you don’t want that.
Now you want to cut a block about 1cm thick, that’s 2/5th of an inch, and then you want
to cut this specific pattern, and it looks a little like a gold fish pattern. Pretty
basic, but it’s the beginnings of a leaf. So there you go, now all these little extra
pieces of carrot, don’t worry you can use them inside a sauce recipe, for example a
carrot sauce that I made before, a video link just appeared on the top left corner of the
screen. Alright, now to carve the leaf what you want
to do is just carve a line through the middle at a slight curve and this will be the vein
of the leaf. You do this by first cutting one straight cut into it and then another
cut at 45° angle which will join into it, and basically you just pull it out.
Now, to carve a sort of zigzag pattern, what you do is you press in your knife and then
you pull out and then you move it forward at a 45° angle you join to the other cut
you just made, and then where the second cut started you push down again and then you move
out and do another 45° angle cut and going it together. And then you just keep doing
the same pattern until you’ve covered the entire leaf.
Once you’ve cut this zigzag pattern what you want to do now is lay it down a cutting board
and you just want to join up the top end of your zigzags with the central vein you cut
out a second ago. Once you’ve connected that you want to do some very precise cuts going
at about 40° angle down and joining up to the cut you just made, it will make it look
more 3D. Once you’ve carved about the 45° to 30°
angle slices that make the leaf look more three-dimensional you’re basically done, now
you have the option of doing the leaf on the other side, the same pattern, but really because
I lay it down flat on a plate most of the time, I don’t bother doing the other side
of the carrot. But you can do that and then you could use it in say salad or something
where you have them and toss them inside something, then you can see both sides of the leaf, which
would be awesome. Alright so now you’ve finished carving your
carrots into beautiful little leaf patterns, you should cook them a little bit so they
are a little bit more tender and more edible, and obviously add a little bit of flavor.
So what I like to do is just add them to some Dashi Stock. The Dashi Stock is a great way
to add flavor to these carrots for any seafood dish like sushi or fish or any kind of fish
dish, but if you want to use them for poultry or steak you can just use chicken stock or
beef stock instead. I hope you all enjoyed this video, how to
make these beautiful little carrot leafs and I urge you all to give this a try at home,
even if it’s just with your standard every day roast chicken or steak and chips, add
these carrots as boiled carrots instead of the normal boiled carrots, or you could add
these inside of pea soup. Imagine the bright green color of the pea soup with these carrot
leaf islands, just the contrasting colors between the bright green and the bright orange
will blow your mind alone. So give that a try, that’s an awesome idea.
Now, if you guys want to see more videos related to this one, for example the leafs made out
of cucumber then click on the link right now, you can check that out. If you want to see
more of my videos then check out what is available on the right, and if you’re not subscribed
to my channel you can subscribe right now by clicking on the top left corner of your
screen. It’s completely free and you’ll be updated whenever new videos are released.
You’ll get an email or something, I don’t know, they really don’t tell me anything about
it. So since I don’t subscribe to my own channel I really don’t know how it works, so yeah.
Well good luck and see you guys next week. END

GAME MASTER PANCAKE ART CHALLENGE with GRACE SHARER (CWC Project Zorgo Reveal, Mystery Spy Gadget)

GAME MASTER PANCAKE ART CHALLENGE with GRACE SHARER (CWC Project Zorgo Reveal, Mystery Spy Gadget)


you saw in the last vlog that the Game Master had a new challenge and that challenge was the Pancake Art Challenge oh no but I love pancakes
you never done the Pancake Art challenge? no okay Sharers smash the like
button for Grace’s her first time on so Grace it’s simple the rules are there
are no rules the Game Master has some special pancake art that we’re going to
be drawing and the winner of this challenge is wait what actually happens
if you win I think the winner is supposedly be able to see the game
master that’s right sure is whoever wins this pancake art challenge is going to
get to meet the game master in real life but of course it’s up to you to
come who you think the winner is so great up is that camera so long yeah red
lights still going it’s recording so sharers we know the Project Zorgo is watching so
the clues have got to be somewhere maybe they’re in the clothes pile yeah yeah
come on Sharers I searched low look through all the clothes grace what Oh
clue number one okay sure we found their first clue is that I have to draw a spy
gadget binoculars yeah okay so round one is going to be whoever you draw these
spy gadget binoculars the best because this isn’t a three marker challenge um you can
pick as many okay good shake it good and then we got it it’s gonna work cuz I’ll blend in with the trees and the
grass looking good and then for the ones is know what I’m gonna copy that picture
exactly I’m gonna do orange lens is orange for the lens I got that black
outline you have it add some more color today do some red red Avenue some like
rigid handles on this one so like maybe a little bit right here
right red red I need to add some more color to this one here this is gonna be
I think this pink is gonna turn out good but great it’s all in the flip the foot
could make it or break it uh-oh so get ready for this it’s all
about the flipster it’s all about the fire is really tough line looks really
good right now I think it’s almost ready to split I feel that
a little bit more than anything Chris you gotta have it all filled in all
about the flip share it’s all about stuff boy did you try to flip him it
will say Freddy’s demon don’t break it you gotta flip it very carefully quick
because mine’s almost ready to put – okay ready
300 you’re gonna break it great – what I love it
you gotta save it you might raise my stability because it’s all about what
turns out on the plate okay so what that’s like cook a little bit and steal
my plate matures it up to you to vote okay doctor pancake is gonna fix this
real quick out a little more blacken right there I don’t know what happened okay put on a plate Gary’s in on the
deal okay put mine on a plate down here so you can’t see it quite yet okay sure
is Gracie looks pretty good even though it kind of
got a little messed up my cooking it’s almost done
remember it’s up to you to boat smooth is the best great to eat it you can
booze oh wait you’re right I don’t know let’s see Oh with three all in one piece okay kind of put on
paper plate three to one flip it okay play grace Jews ready
okay sure this time for the final reveal of round number one to spy gadget
binoculars okay you ready ready ready what’s their
phony begin in three two okay let’s try that one more time voting begins in
three two one oh yeah oh yeah okay that was proud number one grace now
it’s time for round number two ready one two zero grace you guys step it up okay
what is round number two look in the merge step okay sir okay sir
check the blue okay it’s got to be something
check this out grace here at Cheers here it is round number two in three two one yeah okay game master mask is what we
got a draw okay I think we’re pretty good three
marker challenge so we should be pretty good yeah okay round number two let’s do
it okay don’t start you guys sprayed the pan spray it three two one give it a
little spray pancakes stick and spray my pants okay now we are officially ready
begin shake your pegs like a triangle hi there I dare big-nose calling this
okay I need the mouth of the mouth is actually just like a small little mouth
like that and then he’s got a mouth I’m into you mustache I’m gonna do the math
test in purple mustache here we go they are running out of space
YAG reduces weight to make sure that I might win this again when do pink eye
okay I’m gonna do red eyes oh it’s gonna be pink mine are going to be red red
eyes right here like that I got the notes you’ve got the
purple mustache he needs the rest chief to definitely needs the red sheet right
there so many with blue blue yes blue yeah blues such a cool color okay
yes this one looks good still in line with blue all right project zorgo or game master
masks we are getting filled in let’s do this this like the most colorful game
after you’ll ever seen oh yeah lot of color hey masters are not
only this colorful but mine is maybe it’s a good game master do the same
player marker challenge no for the three marker challenge I kept getting brown
like every round yeah so much better okay turning my feet up I’m ready to
cook this pancake and get it Flint oh yeah cream left great is this huge on
my hop go there litter here racist pancake it’s a little bit
big I hope is gonna turn out you’re having a great here out of green fill it
all in I think you filled it all in grace you
better hope that Flint I think that’s great to me okay guys I think mom’s
ready to put to the paper plate let’s do this shares okay get ready to flip this
thing finish yours cheering I think I want this round it looks so good
here use this spatula to just in case hang on
don’t put that yet Gracie ran something way bigger you’re gonna need one of
these spatulas there try this one grace this might actually work
you need the world’s biggest matchup for the world biggest pancake art yeah okay
okay play great it’s time for the plate reveal my name is your plate
okay I can see you’re gonna fit on a plate careful guys don’t ruin it don’t
ruin it careful careful careful careful the words breaks ready in three two on
the budding start now here we go colorful makes it turned out really good
oh my gosh okay and this is everything so to rates look at your not great
expression for how big it was okay round round number three what is it we gotta
look for it’s a great look for okay sir super truck my gosh it looks like let’s
see let’s see let’s see search below what what is that what is that is that
that spy way yeah chairs check this out it’s this spy
wagon that we had when we were up in Big Bear visiting Rebecca’s omalo
yeah what does this have to do with anything I don’t know that’s weird
what mystery clue is this oh no with their coat on there you’re right SSG
Stevens even in grade six five one two chairs check that out on the license
plate Steven and Grayson six five one two
maybe that means something I don’t know down below so we can’t remember that
okay we’re going and this is the last and final round let’s get this drawn
made into a pancake and then we’ll figure out where to go from there
yeah okay stick this thing up here okay and let’s get rolling three two one go
you gotta spray the brush right okay we’re good here we go three
two one let it pour okay so this five wagons menu looks like a box okay okay a
box let’s do a box like kind of like a big box and then I’m gonna go like this
mine’s getting big and then I’m gonna do will park here and another wheel arch
here in the box like that okay that’s the outline of this pie wagon now I’m
gonna do like the spotlight is so easy to draw a square handle there okay
two windows door handle I got an extra couple dots because they kind of spill a
little bit and then I’m gonna do some wheels tires the wheels I’m gonna do
black I’m gonna do my wheels in purple shakers
am I really gonna be big well it worked through us and then we have the world’s
biggest spatula okay oh dear here we go blue is going right
now spilling the blue and I think the windows are going to need to be yellow
reflective yellow for the windows I’m on my last step grace I’m gonna fill mine
in with yellow windows here we go going in almost done with this chairs this
might actually turn out really good it’s a very colourful spot reveal but I think
it’s just the right amount oh yes you’re done yeah mom looks good from this side
so ah what grace what just happened what just happened
can you see me oh my gosh me Playboy shares this is crazy I don’t know what
happened oh no why the lights went out but grace look look
that fidget spinners glowing glowing look at this it’s glowing like the
brightest color I’ve ever seen what does this mean I don’t know what is happening
the camera is still blinking red wait if there’s no electricity how is that
camera still blinking what’s going on no what do we do and look it’s glowing
right over top of the gamemaster mask yeah from the three marker challenge the
camera stolen everything what does this mean Patrol the woman edit are we
running how do we finish it there’s no long yeah
okay Thank You gamemaster wait wait you’re burning quick to sit
there done quickly we gotta put some lip up it was a trick that game master play
tricks on us we got a plan – things done it’s almost cracking I
don’t know what’s happening trip – I think mine’s done it’s ready to twist
okay doing your technique of scraping the bottom okay – be done but mine’s
done 100 you must believe that tricking like drive it out quick mine is very
delicate ready flip it three two okay
right here someone on the plate for the final reveal hey let’s do this great come on get on the plate stays safely
safely okay ready find a reveal and three two one go let
the voting begin Oh the nose is falling off there we gonna
share is there we go I don’t know what mine looks like
oh oh oh boy okay back with the plate keep voting Mike new looks more like a
pond monster like here’s the mouth then the spy wagon yeah and shares looks like
you’re like in mine oh I won that round oh yes yours I mean I got two points and
grace got one point so uh yeah now what’s next
wait wait mom Oh note goes it’s our next clue I don’t know what to say what to
say wait I say what’s it say let’s see challenge to complete okay good luck
it’s scaping challenge number three what what does that mean
wait escaping challenge number three what’s challenge number three hey that
makes no sense oh great it’s locked it’s what you
trapped us in here came up four chopped up pictures we’re trapped in you’re
going to figure our way out yeah down below any clues that you have for us so
we can get out of here