MY CAMERA SETTINGS FOR CINEMATIC VIDEO: Get the perfect exposure [Shutter Speed, Aperture and ISO]

Hi my name is Catarina and my goal for
this video is for you to learn the basic principles of your camera settings, for
video, in the simplest way as possible. There are some basic standard settings
on your camera that can help you to create a more cinematic look. If you
want, think of this as kind of a template to work with, while you’re still
learning how your camera actually works. Frame Rates Although there will be an entire video
only about frame rates and slow motion, that I’ll be linking right here on the
card, for now you need to know that the frame rate is the number of still images
that are captured by your camera, in one second. The most commonly used frame rate
for cinematic shots will be 24 frames per second, because it is the most
natural to the human eye Higher frame rates, like 60 or 120 frames
per second, are commonly used to create slow-motion. Shutter Speed Shutter speed is responsible for two main
things on your camera: exposure and motion. The frame rate that you set your
camera will determine the shutter speed you need to choose, so that you can
create a motion blur that’s similar to what our eyes are used to see in real
life. There is a pretty simple formula to help you with those numbers. Just double
the frame rate you’re using and it will tell you the approximate number that you
need to set your shutter speed to. Aperture The easiest way to understand how aperture
works is by thinking about the iris in your eyes. As you go from a dark place to
a bright one, the iris in your eyes expands or contracts, making your pupils
dilate or shrink, to let in more or less light. Your camera lens do the same thing
with the aperture ring. It is directly responsible for creating depth of field.
A smaller f-stop gives you a shallow depth of field, making a smaller part of
your image in focus and making the background all smooth, such as the
foreground. A larger f-stop creates a deep depth of field,
making a larger portion of the image in focus, such as the subject
and also the background. ISO ISO is basically the value that
controls the sensitivity of your camera’s sensor to light. Always try to
use the lowest ISO number your camera has, because the higher you go, the more
grainy your image will look. As you can see, all of these settings are related to
one another and sometimes it’s not so easy to set up your camera, without
having to compromise one of those settings. From my point of view, the frame
rate on which I’m shooting will always determine my shutter speed. This is the
first thing that I decide and then I go to my aperture and my ISO accordingly.
But there are two scenarios that I want to bring to your attention. The first one is
when you’re shooting outside and it’s very bright. You choose 24 FPS,
adjust your shutter speed to 1/50 and have your ISO at 100. When
you set your aperture to a lower value to get that nice smooth blurred
background, everything on your image is blown out, completely unusable. So, the way to fix this is by using an ND filter. You can think of ND filters like sunglasses
to your camera. They will allow you to keep your settings and lower the
incoming light into your lens, making your footage look great. The second scenario is when you’re shooting in a low-light environment. Again, you choose
24 FPS, adjust your shutter speed to 1/50 and when you set up your
aperture to a lower value, your image is totally dark. You increase your ISO to a
maximum value on your camera but the image gets all grainy. The only way to
fix this is actually by getting more light into the shot. It’s all a matter of
balance between all of these settings Focus Auto focus can be useful to work with, if
you’re shooting something like this tutorial, or vlog, you actually want the
camera to be doing that job for you, so that if you move, the focus follows you
around. But if you’re doing client work or a cinematic shot, you want to make
sure that you are the one in control off the focus. You don’t want your camera to
be shifting the focus around on what she thinks that is important. White Balance The last camera
setting that I want to talk to you about is the white balance. Our brain is a very
powerful tool, it processes the information that comes from our eyes and
automatically adjusts the colors, so that we can create a white reference, and then
from there, adjust all the other colors. That’s exactly what white balance is on
our camera, it picks up a white reference and determine all the other colors from
that point. But a proper camera white balance has to take into account the
color temperature of a light source. Light is measured on a Kelvin scale. So,
for this purpose, you need to know that the lower number represents a warmer
light source, and the higher number represents a cooler light source. On your
camera you’ll have several presets and you will find tables online that has the
correspondent numbers, so that you can use it as a guide. Thank you so much for
watching, let me know in the comments below what is your biggest struggle with
manual camera settings and what was your biggest takeaway from this video. I’ll be posting new videos every 3 days about filmmaking and photography.
If you’re into this kind of content go ahead and subscribe! It will help me a
lot to grow this channel and I would very much appreciate it!

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